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MLE-Reproductive Voc

vocabulary words pertaining to the reproductive system

Testis the male primary sex organ that produces sperm
Scrotum the external sac enclosing the testes
Prostate Gland a gland in male mammals surrounding the urethra at the base of the bladder that controls release of urine from the bladder and secretes a fluid which is a major constituent of semen
Gamete male or female sex cell; sperm or egg
Zygote the fertilized ovum; produced by union of two gametes
Gonad organs producing gametes; ovaries or testes
Seminiferous Tubule highly convoluted tubes within the testes that form sperm
Germ Cell a sexual reproductive cell; gamete; one of the diploid cells in the reproductive organs of a multicellular organism that undergo division and are the precursors of haploid gametes
Sustentacular Cell one of the supporting cells of an epithelial membrane or tissue
Spermatic Cord a cordlike structure, consisting of the vas deferens and its accompanying arteries, veins, nerves, and lymphatic vessels, that passes from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal down into the scrotum to the back of the testicle
Epididymis that portion of the male duct system in which sperm mature; empties into the ductus, or vas, deferens
Seminal Vesicles either of a pair of pouchlike glands situated on each side of the male urinary bladder that secrete seminal fluid and nourish and promote the movement of spermatozoa through the urethra
Trabecula any of the supporting strands of connective tissue projecting into an organ and constituting part of the framework of that organ
Spermatogenesis the process of sperm production in the male; involves meiosis
Semen fluid mixture produced by male reproductive structures; contains sperm, nutrients, and mucus
Ovary the female sex organ in which ova (eggs) are produced
Uterus a hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity of female mammals in which the fertilized egg implants and develops; also called the womb
Vagina the tube-shaped part of the reproductive tract in female mammals that is connected to the cervix of uterus at one end and opens to the vulva on the other end; the fully developed fetus passes through this during birth
Vulva female external genitalia
FSH follicle stimulating hormone; a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary that stimulates ovarian follicle production in females and sperm production
LH luteinizing hormone; an anterior pituitary hormone that aids maturation of cells in the ovary and triggers ovulation; also causes the interstitial cells of the testis to produce testosterone
Follicle (1) structure in an ovary consisting of a developing egg surounded by follicle cells; (2) colloid-containing structure in the thyroid gland
Uterine Tube the oviduct; the tube through which the ovum is transported to the uterus; also called the fallopian tube; conducts the egg from the ovary to the uterus
Cervix of Uterus a neck-shaped anatomical structure of the lower end of the uterus that extends into the vagina
Menopause the physiological end of menstrual cycles
Oogenesis the process of formation of the ova
Ovulation the release of an ovum (or oocyte) from the ovary
Gestation the period of development in the uterus from conception until birth; pregnancy
Dilation the widening or stretching of an opening or a hollow structure in the body
Effacement shortening of the uterine cervix and thinning of its walls as it is dilated during labor
Colostrum the thin yellowish fluid secreted by the mammary glands at the time of parturition that is rich in antibodies and minerals, and precedes the production of true milk; also called foremilk
Vas deferens or ductus deferens (carrying away); the main duct through which semen is carried from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
Created by: McKayla Edmonds



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