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AP European History

Chapter 18 The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1690-1740

Glossary TermDefinition
The Atlantic System A three-part commercial network developed between western Europe, Africa, and America that involved the trade of slaves, raw materials, and manufactured goods.
Plantations Slave Labour was used extensively in these massive farms mostly located in the southern states, Brazil, Cuba and all over the Carribean.
Brazil Slave Trade This country imported more slaves than any other involved in the Atlantic System. Claiming 4.5 million befor the end of slavery.
African Slave Trade African people were transported from these markets to the coast and sold at European trading ports in exchange for muskets and manufactured goods such as cloth or alcohol.
Sugar The years 1625 to 1750 saw this become worth its weight in gold. Prices declined slowly as production became multi-sourced, especially through British colonial policy. Production increased in mainland North American colonies, in Cuba, and in Brazil
Calico A fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. In 1700, England banned importation (and the use and wear of) of cotton cloth from India, in an effort to prop up the English textile industry.
Coffeehouses These shops first became popular in Europe with the introduction of coffee in the 17th century.
Agricultural revolution A period of agricultural development in Britain between the 16th century and the mid-19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output.
“enclosure movement” The process of conversion of common land to private ownership. From 1630-1750 there was a general depression and radical economic change: 40% of the rural English population was forced to abandon agrarian life.
Rococo painting Originated in the purely decorative arts, the style showed clearly in painting. These painters used delicate colors and curving forms, decorating their canvases with cherubs and myths of love. More extreme than Baroque.
Created by: alfromcanada