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Appeasement and the rise of Hitler

Glossary TermDefinition
Chamberlain In 1917 Chamberlain became Prime Minister. Chamberlain's political legacy is defined by his dealings with an appeasement of Nazi Germany. He signed the Munich Agreement with Adolf Hitler in 1938 it effectively allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland.
Munich Agreement An agreement regarding the Sudetenland Crisis between the major powers of Europe after a conference held in Munich, Germany in 1938 and signed on September 29. The Sudentenland was an area of Czechoslovakia where ethnic Germans formed a majority.
Anschluss The 1938 "inclusion" of Austria into “Greater Germany” by the Nazi Regime. Originally the joining of these 2 countries had been banned by the Treaty of Versailles.
Sudentenland Conflict over the Sudetenland began immediately after the Anschluss of Austria into the Third Reich in March 1938. This led to the Czechoslovak Crisis. The Nazis - together with their Sudeten German allies - claimed throughout the year that the Sudeten Ge
Rhineland The western part of Rhineland was occupied by Entente forces, then demilitarized under the Treaty of Versailles. German forces reoccupied the territory in 1936, three years before the outbreak of the Second World War
Spanish Civil War Between July 18, 1936 and April 1, 1939. A conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the
Hitler Chancellor of Germany from 1933 Leader of Germany from 1934 until his death. He was leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, better known as the Nazi Party. He was responsible for the death of millions of Jews and other minorities
Brown shirts Usually translated as stormtroopers. They functioned as a paramilitary organization of the German Nazi party. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in the 1930s. SA men were often known as brown shirts from the colour of their uniform and t
Enabling Acts Passed by Germany's parliament (the Reichstag) on March 23, 1933. It was the second major step after the Reichstag Fire Decree through which the Nazis obtained dictatorial powers using largely legal means. The Act enabled Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his c
Nuremberg Laws In 1935 these denaturalization laws were passed by the government of Nazi Germany. They used a pseudoscientific basis for racial discrimination against Jews. Mainly looking at family origin they determined the pure race of Germans from the mixed race of G
Night of Long Knives Also known as "the Blood Purge", it was a lethal purge of Adolf Hitler’s potential political rivals in the Sturmabteilung (SA; also known as storm troopers or brown shirts).
Kristallnacht The Night of Broken Glass, was a massive nationwide pogrom in Germany and Austria on the night of November 9, 1938 (including the early hours of the following day). It was directed at Jewish citizens throughout the country and portended the events of the
Propaganda A specific type of message presentation directly aimed at influencing the opinions of people, rather than impartially providing information. Throughout the twentieth century this was a common tactic of political leaders. Many of whom, encouraged families
Lebensraum The German term for habitat (used both in ecological and sociological contexts; literally, "living space") is used in English to refer to a motivation for Nazi Germany’s expansionist policies, to provide extra space for the growth of the German population
Aryan Race Found under Nazism, this idea was often intertwined with Anti-Semitic ideas. Hitler believed that a true pure race was composed of Aryans. It was thought of as the "master race" and many went to great lengths to "maintain the purity".
Final Solution The German Nazis’ plan to engage in systematic genocide against the European Jewish population during World War II. The execution of the Final Solution resulted in the most deadly phase of the Holocaust.
Holocaust The name applied to the state-led systematic persecution and genocide of the Jews and other minority groups of Europe and North Africa during World War II by Nazi Germany and its collaborators. The use of killing squads and extermination camps was a massi
Mass Rallies Many rallies were held throughout the twentieth century. However, some very large-scale rallies took place in Germany that relied mostly on propaganda. These were the Nuremberg Rallies. (Officially, Reichsparteitag, literally "national party congress") w
Nazism The ideology held by the National Socialist German Workers Party. Commonly called the Nazi Party it was led by Adolf Hitler. The word Nazism is most often used in connection with the government of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 (the "Third Reich"), and it
Created by: alfromcanada