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Milady Cosm. chap 7.

Skin Structure and Growth

QuestionAnswer
What is the medical branch of science that deals with the study of skin- its, nature, structure functions, diseases and treatment? Dermatology
What physician is engaged in the science of treating the skin, its structures, functions and diseases? Dermatologist
What specialist specializes in the cleansing, preservation of health, and beautification of the skin and body? Esthetician
What is the largest Organ of the body? Skin
Healthy skin is slightly moist, soft and flexible with a texture that is smooth and what? fine-grained
Continued pressure on any part of the skin can cause it to thicken and develop what? A callus
Appendages(additions) of the skin include hair, nails and what? sweat and oil glands
The skin structure is generally thinnest where? Eyelids
The skin on the scalp has larger and deeper what? Hair follicles
The Outermost layer of skin is referred to as what? Epidermis
The Epidermis layer of skin does not contain blood vessels...... T or F True
What is the deepest layer of the Epidermis? Stratum Germinativum
The Stratum Germinativum is responsible for growth of the epidermis... T or F True
What are the dark special cells that protect sensitive cells and provide color to the skin?? Melanocytes
The stratum granulosum can be referred to as what?? granular layer
The Stratum Lucidum is the clear, transparent layer under the skin surface... T or F True
Cells that are almost dead and pushed to the surface to replace cells are shed from where in the epidermis?? Stratum Granulosum Layer
What is the underlying / inner layer of the skin called? Dermis
The outermost layer, directly beneath the epidermis is the elastin layer... T or F False Answer=Papillary layer
The deepest layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients and contains sweat and oil glands is called what Reticular Layer
Tissues that give smoothness and contour to the body and provide a protective cushion is what?? Subcutaneous tissue
What is the clear fluid that removes toxins and cellular waste and has immune function?? Lymph
Motor nerve fibers attached to the hair follicle that can cause goosebumps are the arrector pili muscle... T or F True
What nerves regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum?? Secretory nerve fibers
Basic sensations such as touch, pain,heat,cold,and pressure are registered by what? Nerve Endings
The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined by what? Genes
What are two types of melanin produced by the body?? Eu-melanin and pheomelanin
Where does skin get its strength, form and flexibility fibers?? Dermis Layer
What is the fibrous protein that gives skin its form and strength?? Collagen
What fiber gives skin its flexibility and elasticity?? Elastin
What does the sudoriferous glands help the body regulate?? Temperature
What tube-like duct ends at the skin's surface to form the sweat pore?? Secretory coil
What are the sebaceous glands (oil glands)connected to?? Hair Follicle
What are the 7 principle functions of the skin?? Protection, Sensation , Heat Regulation, Excretion, Secretion, and Absorption
The best way to support the health of the skin is by eating foods from what groups?? Fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
The skin on the scalp has larger and deeper hair follicles to accommodate the longer hair on the head... T or F True
The skin is composed of 2 main divisions... What are they?? Dermis and Epidermis
What skin layer is the thinnest of the skin and is also called the cuticle?? Epidermis
The epidermis has may blood vessels... T or F False It has none
The Stratum Germinativum is the deepest, live layer of the epidermis and is referred to with what other name?? Basal Cell Layer
The Stratum Corneum can also be called?? Horny layer
Created by: sasha901