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Chapter*7

CMT-Skeletal Stuff

QuestionAnswer
What is the rounded projection at the end of a bone called? Condyle
What type of bone protects spongy bone and provides the firm framework of the bone and the body? Compact
The head, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum are part of which part of the skeleton? Axial
The bony support structure found inside the human body that accommodates growth is known as which of the following? Endoskeleton
The limbs and their attachments are part of which part of the skeleton? Appendicular
What is the thin membrane of connective tissue that lines the marrow cavity of a bone called? Endosteum
What is a bony projection above a condyle called? Epicondyle
Which of the following is a smooth, flat surface on a bone? Facet
What are the areas of the skull of an infant in which the bone formation is incomplete called? Fontanels
What is the term for an opening in a bone? Foramen
A depression in the surface or at the end of a bone is called? Fossa
What is the condition of exaggeration of the thoracic curve called? Kyphosis
What is the condition of exaggeration of the normal lumbar curve called? Lordosis
The bone disorder in which a lack of calcium and other minerals and a decrease in bone protein leave the bones soft, fragile, and more likely to break is: osteoporosis.
The term for any prominent bony growth that projects out from the bone is: process.
The thin membrane of connective tissue that covers bones except at articulations is: periosteum.
The quality of bones that allows them to deform slightly and vibrate when electric currents pass through is: piezoelectricity.
What is the term for a lateral curvature of the spine? Scoliosis
Round bones that are often embedded in tendons and joint capsules are known as: sesamoid bones.
What is the lighter-weight portion of bone made up of trabeculae called? Spongy bone
What is the term for an irregular meshing of small, bony plates that makes up spongy bone? Trabeculae
What is one of two large bony processes found only on the femur? Trochanter
What is a small, rounded process on a bone called? Tubercle
The term for a large, rounded protuberance on a bone is: tuberosity.
On which of the following bones are lateral and medial epicondyles, and greater and lesser tubercles located? Humerus
What part of the femur fits into the acetabulum? Head
What kind of bone is the patella? Sesamoid
The pelvic girdle is composed of which bones? Ilium, ischium, pubis, and sacrum
In what part of the bone does growth in length occur? Epiphyseal plate
What is the final stage of healing from a fracture? remodeling
The cheek bones are which of the following bones? zygomatic
What foramen does the spinal cord go through? magnum
If vertebral arches do not fuse during fetal development, which of the following will be the result? Spina bifida
Irritation from the patellar tendon pulling on the tibial tuberosity during rapid growth or overuse of the quadriceps femoris describes which of the following diseases? Osgood-Schlatter
What are the two kinds of marrow in bones? Red, which manufactures blood cells, and yellow, which is mainly fat
Created by: CMT-E-2