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Chapter*2

CMT-Health * Disease

QuestionAnswer
A specific beginning, signs, and symptoms that develop quickly; lasts a short time; and then disappears describes what? Acute disease
What is the term for movement toward a center or point of reference? Afferent
Sudden onset, usually temporary and easily localized describes what type of pain? Acute
What is the term for abnormal or undifferentiated cells that fail to mature into specialized cell types? Anaplasia
What is the term that usually describes a noncancerous tumor that is contained and does not spread? Benign
What is the internal, periodic timing component of an organism also known as? Biologic rhythm
The term for malignant, nonencapsulated cells that invade surrounding tissue is: cancer.
Pain that continues or recurs over a prolonged time, usually for more than 6 months is called: chronic.
The term for disease with a vague onset that develops slowly and lasts for a long time, sometimes for life is: chronic disease.
What is the labeling of signs and symptoms by a licensed medical professional called? Diagnosis
An abnormality in functions of the body, especially when the abnormality threatens well-being, is called a: disease.
What is the term for movement away from a center or point of reference? Efferent
Coordination or synchronization to an internal or external rhythm, especially when a person responds to certain patterns by moving in a coordinated manner to those patterns, is known as: Entrainment
The study of the factors involved in the development of disease, including the nature of the disease and susceptibility is called: etiology.
A self-regulating control system in the body that receives information, integrates that information, and provides a response to maintain homeostasis is what type of loop? Feedback
The term for the condition of homeostasis resulting in a state of physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being is: health.
What is the term for an uncontrolled increase in the number of cells of a body part? Hyperplasia
What is the term for an increased sensitivity to pain? Hyperalgesia
The term for the protective response of the tissues to irritation or injury that has the four primary signs of redness, heat, swelling, and pain is: inflammation.
What is the term for development of a disease? Pathogenesis
What is the term for the study of disease as observed in the structure and function of the body? Pathology
When a sensation is experienced in a missing extremity after it has been amputated it is referred to as what type of pain? Phantom
Being felt in a surface area far from the stimulated organ describes what type of pain? Referred
What are the objective changes that someone other than the client or patient can observe and measure? Signs
What is the term for the spaces that open into the internal nose and function to lighten the weight of the skull, making it easier to hold the head up and help in the production of sound? Sinuses
Stimulation of receptors in the skin or stimulation of receptors in skeletal muscles, joints, tendons, and fasciae can result in what type of pain? Somatic
What are diseases with characteristics between acute and chronic? Hypochronic
What are the subjective changes noticed or felt only by the client or patient called? Symptoms
What is the term for a group of different signs and symptoms that identify a pathologic condition, especially when they have a common cause? Syndrome
Stimulation of receptors or an abnormal condition in the internal organs can result in what type of pain? Visceral
What is the term for a disease that can be transmitted from one person to another? Communicable
A disease with no discernible cause that anyone can identify is considered: idiopathic.
A feedback loop can be described as: having a sensor, a control center, and an effector.
Created by: CMT-E-2