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Chapter*3

CMT-Med-Terminology

QuestionAnswer
A standard position in which the person stands upright with the feet slightly apart, arms hanging at the sides, and palms facing forward with thumbs outward is called what type of position? Anatomic
What is the term for the lateral movement away from the midline of the trunk? Abduction
The study of mechanical principles, movements, and actions applied to living bodies is known as: biomechanics.
Downward or inferior movement is called: depression.
The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body is called: abduction.
The movement of a limb through the transverse plane toward and across the midline of the body is called: horizontal adduction.
The movement of the ankle resulting in the top of the foot moving toward the anterior tibia is called: dorsiflexion.
What is the term for upward or superior movement? Elevation
The movement of the sole of the foot outward, as in away from the midline, is called: eversion.
Movement that increases the angle between two bones, usually moving the body part back toward the anatomic position, is called: extension.
The rotary movement around the longitudinal axis of a bone away from the midline of the body is called: lateral rotation.
The term for a movement that decreases the angle between two bones as the body part moves out of the anatomic position is: flexion.
Dividing the body into anterior and posterior is a description of what type of plane? Frontal
The movement of the humerus in the horizontal plane away from the midline of the body is called: horizontal abduction.
The term for the movement of the humerus in the horizontal plane toward the midline of the body is: horizontal adduction.
Movement that increases the angle between two bones, taking the body parts farther out of anatomic position is known as which of the following? Hyperextension
A branch of mechanics that involves the time, space, and mass aspects of a moving system is called: kinematics.
The study of movement that combines the fields of anatomy, physiology, physics, and geometry and relates them to human movement is called: kinesiology.
Movement of the head or trunk laterally away from the midline is called: lateral flexion.
Lying horizontally on the right or left side is called: lateral recumbent.
Movement of the thumb across the palmar aspect to make contact with the fingers is called: opposition.
Movement of the ankle that results in the foot and toes moving away from the body is called: plantar flexion.
Internal rotary movement of the radius on the ulna that results in the hand moving from the palm-up to the palm-down position is called: pronation.
What is the term for lying horizontally with the face down? Prone
What is the term for forward movement while remaining in a horizontal plane? Protraction
A word element added to the beginning of a root to change the meaning of the word is called a: prefix.
Backward movement in a horizontal plane is called: retraction.
Partial turning or pivoting in an arc around a central axis is called: rotation.
External rotary movement of the radius on the ulna that results in the hand moving from the palm-down to the palm-up position is called: supination.
What is the term for lying horizontal with the face up? Supine
What word element contains the basic meaning of the word? Root
What word element is added to the end of a root to change the meaning of the word? Suffix
The scapular motion that turns the glenoid fossa upward and moves the inferior angle superiorly and laterally away from the spinal column is called: upward rotation.
If “encephal(o)” means “brain,” then “encephalopathy” means: brain disease.
A plane that divides the body horizontally into superior and inferior sections is called: transverse.
The midsagittal plane divides the body into parts that are: equal left and right.
The posterior surface of the trunk is divided into what regions? Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral regions
Created by: CMT-E-2