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Chapter*1

CMT-Body as a Whole

QuestionAnswer
Transport of substances into or out of a cell using energy Active Transport
What is the name of the compound that stores energy Adenosine triphosphate
What is the chemical process in the body that joins simple compounds to form more complex compounds like carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids called? Anabolism
What is the study of the structures of the body and the relationship of its parts called? Anatomy
The part of epithelial cells exposed to the atmosphere or a passageway in the body is called what surface? Apical
A decrease in the size of a body part or organ caused by a decrease in the size of the cells is called: atrophy.
The part of the tissue that faces the inside of the body is called what type of surface? Basal
Sugars, starches, and cellulose composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are categorized as: Carbohydrates
Contraction to pump blood within the heart is performed by what type of fibers? Cardiac muscle
What chemical process in the body releases energy as complex compounds are broken down into simpler ones? Catabolism
The basic structural unit of a living organism that contains a nucleus and cytoplasm and is surrounded by a membrane is the: cell.
A protein substance composed of small fibrils that combine to create the connective tissue of fasciae, tendons, and ligaments is: collagen
Which of the following can withstand the most tension force because it has a high degree of tensile strength? Collagen
Supporting and holding together the body and its parts, protecting the body from foreign matter, and transporting substances throughout the body describes what type of tissue? Connective
The fluid that surrounds the nucleus or organelles inside the cell membrane is known as: cytosol
What is the material enclosed by the cell membrane called? cytoplasm
What is the framework of proteins inside the cell that provides flexibility and strength? cytoskeleton
The movement of ions and molecules from an area of higher concentration to that of lower concentration is called: passive transport
What type of fiber returns to its original length after being stretched? Elastin
The process of bringing particles inside the cell by engulfing them and forming vesicles is called: endocytosis.
What is the term for the capacity to work? Energy
Covering and protecting the surface of the body and its parts, lining body cavities, and forming glands describes what type of tissue? Epithelial
What is the movement of substances out of a cell called? Exocytosis
The study of body structures visible to the naked eye is what type of anatomy? Gross
What is the term for the relatively constant state of the internal environment of the body that is maintained by adaptive responses? Homeostasis
An increase in the size of a cell that results in an increase in the size of a body part or organ is called: hypertrophy.
Fats and oils are also known as: Lipids
What is the thin sheetlike layer of tissue that covers a cell, an organ, or some other structure; lines a tube or cavity; or divides or separates one part from another? Membrane
The chemical processes in the body that convert food and oxygen into energy to support growth, distribution of nutrients, and elimination of waste are known as: metabolism.
What are the small projections of the cell membrane that increase the surface area of the cell called? Microvilli
The type of cell division in which the cell duplicates its DNA and divides into two identical daughter cells is called: Mitosis
What is the type of cell division in which each daughter cell receives half the normal number of chromosomes, forming two reproductive cells? Meiosis
What are the basic cellular components that perform specific functions within the cell called? Organelles
Substances that have carbon and hydrogen as part of their basic structure are called: organic compounds.
The term for diffusion of water in a solution from a region of lower concentration to a region of higher concentration across the semipermeable membrane of a cell is called: Osmosis
The study of the processes and functions of the body involved in supporting life is known as: physiology
What are substances formed from amino acids called? proteins
The study of the structures of a particular area of the body is what type of anatomy? regional
The study of internal organs and structures as they can be recognized and related to external features is what type of anatomy? Surface
The study of the structure of a particular body system is what type of anatomy? Systemic
The field of anatomy includes which of types of subdivisions? Developmental, gross, regional, systemic, and surface
The study of physiology can be divided into what three approaches? Organizational, pathophysiology, and systemic
What is the movement of ions and molecules from an area of higher concentration to that of a lower concentration called? Diffusion
What is a group of similar cells combined to perform a common function called? Tissue
What is the most abundant type of tissue in the body? Connective
A feature of the piezoelectric property of collagen is that it: explains the deforming of the structure due to electric current.
Created by: CMT-E-2