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Kasey2004 Flashcards

Chapter 6

inspiration process when air is drawn into the body and eventually into the lungs
expiration process when carbon dioxide is exhaled or breathed out from the body
alveol/o air sacs/alveolus
atel/o incomplete
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cost/o rib
epiglott/o epiglottis
hem/o blood
laryng/o larynx
nas/o nose
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o air/lung
pneumon/o lung/air
pulmon/o lungs
orth/o straight
ox/i oxygen
rhin/o nose
spir/o to breathe
thorac/o chest/thorax
trache/o trachea
a without
eu normal
dys difficult
hyper above/excessive
hypo below/low
inter between
tachy fast
algia pain
ary pertaining to
centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
eal pertaining to
ectasis dilatation/stretching
ic pertaining to
meter instrument to measure
metry process of measuring
phonia sound/voice
phea breathing
ptysis coughing/spitting up
rrhagia hemorrhage
rraphy suture/stitch
rrhea copious discharge
stomy formation of an opening into
thorax chest
tomy incision into
septum the nose is divided by a cartilage wall
nostrils openings of the nose
paranasal sinuses cavities in the skull opening into the nasal cavity
pharynx muscular tube that allows for the passage of air and food
nasopharynx upper section of the pharynx
oropharynx middle section of the pharynx
laryngopharynx lowest section of the pharynx
epiglottis small piece of cartilage that covers the larynx to prevent food from entering the larynx
larynx voice box; vocal cords; several pieces of cartilage, the largest piece is the thyroid cartilage or Adam's apple
trachea windpipe located in the front of the esophagus
bronchi part of the respiratory system, the trachea divides into a left and right bronchus
bronchus either of the two primary divisions of the trachea that lead respectively into the right and the left lung
bronchiole smaller tubes of the respiratory system, the bronchi divide into these tubes
alveoli air sacs, grape-like structures where oxygen and carbon dioxide pass
lungs part of the respiratory system that houses the bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, blood vessels and nerves; there is a left and a right lung
apex top part of the lung
base bottom part of the lung
pleura membrane that encloses the lungs
pleural space (cavity) space between the pleural layers
diaphragm principle muscle involved in breathing; separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) failure of the lungs to work in an adult as a result of disease or injury
allergic rhinitis reaction to airborne allergens; watery eyes, sneezing, red swollen eyelids, nasal congestion
asphyxia oxygen deprivation with high carbon dioxide level, leads to loss of consciousness or death
asthma lung disorder caused by swelling, inflammation, and constriction of the bronchi and bronchioles; causes wheezing and difficulty breathing
atelectasis incomplete expansion, collapse of microscopic structures of lung; can follow thoracic or abdominal surgery
bronchiectasis abnormal condition of bronchial tree, causes dilatation or expansion of bronchi
bronchitis acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchi
bronchospasm involuntary spasms of the bronchi; results in narrowing and blockage of bronchi; main feature of bronchitis and asthma
chronic obstructive progressive irreversible chronic disease
pulmonary disease (COPD) resulting in decreased lung capacity; caused and made worse by cigarette smoking
croup viral infection of young children; causes hoarseness, fever, "barking cough", dyspnea
cystic fibrosis genetic (hereditary) disorder; causes excessively thick mucus which is hard to expel, and becomes a site for bacterial growth, causing pheumonia
emphysema, a Fubtype of COPD destructive changes in alveolar walls; enlargement of air spaces; decreased elasticity of the lungs
epistaxis nosebleed
influenza viral respiratory infection; highly contagious, transmitted by airborne particles
laryngitis inflammation of the vocal cords; minimal or complete loss of voice
aspirate taking foreign material into lungs; act of withdrawing fluid with a suction device
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin, lips, tongue or nails
expectoration spitting up or coughing up mucus from the throat
intubation putting a breathing tube into the trachea by way of the mouth, nose, or throat to provide an airway for breathing
nebulizer device which delivers a fine spray or mist into respiratory tract
patent open
respiratory therapist professional who gives respiratory care and treatments
sputum material coughed up from lungs and spit out through the mouth
ventilator device used to assist in breathing or substitute for a patient's breathing
aterial blood gas (ABG) evaluation of aterial blood to check oxygen, carbon dioxide and other parameters
bronchoscopy visualization of the bronchi with a camera
chest x-ray (CXR) x-ray exam to determine health or disease process of the lungs
laryngectomy surgical removal of the larynx
lobectomy surgical removal of a lobe of the lung
pleuocentesis surgical puncture into pleural space to withdraw fluid
pulse oximeter electronic device, fits over the end of index finger to measure oxygen saturation of blood
pulmonary function tests (PFT's) tests to measure the ability of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide and to identify abnormalities
spirometry process of measuring breathing of lung volumes by means of a spirometer
thoracentesis surgical puncture into chest or thorax to withdraw fluid
tracheostomy an opening through the neck into the trachea
ventilation perfusion scan nuclear medicine x-ray study of the lungs to identify abnormalities, like pulmonary embolus
legionnaire disease acute pneumonia, caused by Legionella pneumophila bacteria
pleural effusion presence of excess fluid in the pleural space
pleurisy inflammation of pleural membrane; causes sharp stabbing pain with respiration
pneumonia inflammation of lungs caused by bacteria or virus
pneumothorax air or gas in pleural space causing a part of the lung to collapse
pulmonary edema lungs swell as a result of abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs
pulmonary embolism pulmonary artery or ateriole is obstructed by a clot
pulmonary heart disease (cor pulmonale) heart failure caused by pulmonary disease; increased size in right ventricle as a result of increased blood pressure of the circulation to the lung
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) sudden and unexplained death of a well infant, also call crib death
tuberculosis (TB) acute or chronic condition causes lesions and infiltration of lung tissue
upper respiratory infection (URI) symptoms associated with the common cold; caused by a virus or bacteria
Created by: Kasey2004