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Lower Ext.

Anatomy final

Primary area in which soft tissue inflammation and edema will manifest itself. Popliteal Fossa
Baker's Cyst takes place here. Popliteal Fossa
When the synovial sac of the knee can produce a posterior bulge secondary to injury of the knee. The bulge can remain connected to the ____ ____ or pinch off Baker's Cyst Joint Capsule
If Baker's Cyst ruptures pain is seen extending from ____ to _____. Popliteal Fossa to calf
****A Baker's cyst is usually indicative of a _____ pathology*** meniscal
Potential spaces found all over the body between bone and tissue that contain only a small drop of fluid for cushioning when healthy. Bursa Sacs
When inflammed bursa become _____. Distended
***Most common place in L.E.for bursitis.*** Bursa over greater trochanter (Trochanteric Bursa)
The leg extends from below the ____ to the beginning of the ____. Knee Ankle
Area of the L.E. that is very suceptible to compartment syndrome. Leg Region
Strong septum divides the leg into these areas. Anterior Lateral 2 Posterior areas
5 P's of compartment syndrome Pain, Pallor, Paresthesia, Paralysis, and Pulselessness
Primary treatment of compartment syndrome if pressure CANNOT be controlled. Fasciotomy
Maturation of the pelvis occurs during _____. Puberty
The hip consists of these three bones Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
The cartilage that connects the hip bone. Triradiate Cartilage
All three hip bones contribute to form this structure. Acetabulum
The acetabulum is the ____ of the ball and socket joint. It faces ____ and slightly ____. socket Laterally Anterior
To test for this you stick your finger into the greater sciatic notch and palpate the sciatic nerve to ellicit pain. Sciatica
Common site on the femur for a fracture. Neck
Femoral antevertion is __-___ degrees. 12-15
Posterior ridge of the shaft of the femur that serves as a muscle attachment site. Linea Aspera
Ligamentous support and arterial supply for the head of the femur are located here. Fovea
**Only weight bearing bone of the lower leg.** Tibia
The meniscus attaches here and it is a common location for ____ fractures. Tibial Plateau Stress
A fracture of this bone still allows a person to walk. Fibula
Connects fibula to tibia and also contributes to the possibility of compartment syndrome. Interosseous Membrane
____ at inguinal canal may indicate malignancies of genitalia, uterus, or perinea abcess. Lymphadenopathy
The artery that branches into 5 geniculate arteries that supply the joint capsule and ligaments of the knee. ALWAYS PROTECT DURING KNEE REPLACEMENTS. Popliteal Artery
The pulse that detcts the dorsal artery. Dorsalis pedis pulse
The sole of the foot is connected with this dermatome. S2
Most common ankle sprain. Lateral ligament sprain
Hip muscles Piriformis and iliopsoas
4 quad muscles all insert at the tibia at this tendon Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis Vastus intermedius Vastus medialis Patellar
Often used as muscle graft in hand gracilis
A positive trendelenburg test is an injury to this nerve. Superior gluteal nerve
Dysfunction of the fibular nerve causes this. Foot drop
Nerve used in grafts to replace damaged nerves. Sural nerve
Positive ___ sign with a plantar reflex indicates brain injury or cerebral disease. Babinski
Contains Femoral a./v./n. & deep inguinal lymph nodes Femoral triangle
lateral knee pain that migrates proximally usually seen in active patient ITB Friction syndrome
Created by: alikara