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GE 258 Exam 7.1

QuestionAnswer
Layers of the Epidermis from superficial to deep: stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratum basale
common skin condition in which there is excess blood near the surface of the skin ERYTHEMA
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THE CAUSES INCLUDE IRRITATION, ALLERGY, EMBARRASSMENT ERYTHEMA
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THERE IS A YELLOWING OF THE SKIN AND SCLERA OF THE EYE JAUNDICE
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THE CAUSE IS DEPOSITION OF BILE PIGMENTS IN TISSUE JAUNDICE
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THERE IS A "METALLIC" BRONZING OF THE SKIN ADDISION'S DISEASE
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THE CAUSE IS ADRENAL HYPOFUNCTION ADDISION'S DISEASE
COMMON SKIN CONDITION IN WHICH THERE IS BLOOD CLOTTING BELOW THE SKIN SURFACE BRUISING
BONE BUILDING ESSENTIALS ARE DIETARY PROTEIN, VITAMINS A, C & D, MINERALS (CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, MAGNESIUM & MANGANESE
BONE-FORMING CELLS OSTEOBLASTS
MATURE BONE CELLS OSTEOCYTES
LARGE CELLS THAT RESORB OR BREAK DOWN BONE MATRIX OSTEOCLASTS
UNMINERALIZED BONE MATRIX COMPOSED OF PROTEOGLYCANS, GLYCOPROTEINS, AND COLLAGEN OSTEOID
THE PROCESS OF BONE TISSUE FORMATION OSTEOGENESIS AND OSSIFICATION
OSTEOGENESIS AND OSSIFICATION LEADS TO FORMATION OF BONY SKELETON IN EMBRYOS, BONE GROWTH UNTIL EARLY ADULTHOOD, BONE THICKNESS, REMODELING, AND REPAIR
FORMATION OF BONY SKELETON BEGINS AT WEEK 8 OF EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT
FORMATION OF BONY SKELETON INVOVLES ___ AND ___ INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION AND ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
PROCESS IN WHICH BONE DEVELOPS FROM A FIBROUS MEMBRANE INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION
PROCESS IN WHICH BONE FORMS BY REPLACING HYALINE CARTILAGE ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
CONDITION OF THE BONE IN WHICH BONE RESORPTION OUTPACES BONE DEPOSIT OSTEOPOROSIS
CONDITION OF THE BONE IN WHICH THERE IS AN INADEQUATE MINIERALIZATION, THE OSTEOID IS PRODUCED BY THERE IS NO CALCIUM SALTS OR THERE IS A LACK OF VIT. D OSTEOMALACIA
CONDITION OF THE BONE WHICH OCCURS IN CHILDREN AND IS MORE SEVERE IN WHICH THERE IS INADEQUATE MINERALIZATION, OSTEOID PRODUCED BUT NO CALCIUM SALTS OR A LACK OF VIT. D RICKETS
___ ARE THE WEAKEST PART OF THE SKELETON JOINTS (ARTICULATIONS)
___ IS THE SITE WHERE TWO OR MORE BONES MEET ARTICULATION
FUNCTIONS OF JOINTS INCLUDE: GIVING THE SKELETON MOBILITY, HOLDING THE SKELETON TOGETHER
THREE FUNCTION CLASSES OF JOINTS ARE: SYNARTHROSES, AMPHIATHROSES, DIARTHROSES
JOINT THAT IS IMMOVABLE SYNARTHROSES
JOINT THAT IS SLIGHTLY MOVABLE AMPHIARTHROSES
JOINT THAT IS FREELY MOVABLE DIARTHROSES
___ CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS FOCUSES ON THE MATERIAL BINDING BONES TOGETHER AND WHETHER OR NOT A JOINT CAVITY IS PRESENT STRUCTURAL
THE THREE STRUCTURAL CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS ARE: FIBROUS, CARTILAGINOUS, SYNOVIAL
THE BONES OF THIS TYPE OF JOINT ARE JOINED TOGETHER BY FIBROUS TISSUES FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT
THERE IS NO JOINT CAVITY IN THIS TYPE OF JOINT FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT
MOST OF THESE TYPE OF JOINTS ARE IMMOVABLE FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT
THE THREE TYPES OF FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINTS ARE SUTURES, SYNDESMOSES, AND GOMPHOSES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT THAT OCCUR BETWEEN THE BONES OF THE SKULL SUTURES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT THAT COMPRISED OF INTERLOCKING JUNCTION COMPLETELY FILLED WITH CONNECTIVE TISSUE FIBERS SUTURES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT THAT BINDS BONES TIGHTLY TOGETHER, BUT ALLOW FOR GROWTH DURING YOUTH SUTURES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT THAT IN MIDDLE AGE, SKULL BONES FUSE AND ARE CALLED SYNOSTOSES SUTURES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT THAT BONES ARE CONNECTED BY A FRIBROUS TISSUE LIGAMENT SYNDESMOSES
FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT IN WHICH MOVEMENT VARIES FROM IMMOVABLE TO SLIGHTLY VARIABLE SYNDESMOSES
EXAMPLE OF SYNDESMOSES FIBROUS STRUCTURAL JOINT CONNECTION BETWEEN THE TIBIA AND FIBULA, AND THE RADIUS AND ULNA
THIS TYPE OF JOINT'S ARTICULATING BONES ARE UNITED BY CARTILAGE CARTILAGINOUS JOINT
THIS TYPE OF JOINT LACK A JOINT CAVITY CARTILAGINOUS JOINT
THE TWO TYPES OF CARTILAGINOUS JOINT ARE SYNCHONDROSES AND SYMPHYSES
CARTILAGINOUS JOINT IN WHICH A BAR OR PLATE OF HYALINE CARTILAGE UNITES THE BONES SYNCHONDROSES
CARTILAGINOUS JOINT IN WHICH ALL THEY ARE ALL SYNARTHROTIC SYNCHONDROSES
SOME EXAMPLES OF SYNCHONDROSES CARTILAGINOUS JOINT INCLUDE: EPIPHYSEAL PLATES OF CHILDREN AND JOINT BETWEEN THE COSTAL CARTILAGE OF THE FIRST RIB AND THE STERNUM
TYPE OF CARTILAGINOUS JOINT IN WHICH HYALINE CARTILAGE COVERS THE ARTICULATING SURFACE OF THE BONE AND IS FUSED TO AN INTERVENING PAD OF FIBROCARTILAGE SYMPHYSES
TYPE OF CARTILAGINOUS JOINT THAT IS AMPHIARTHROTIC JOINTS DESIGNED FOR STRENGTH AND FLEXIBILITY SYMPHYSES
EXAMPLES OF CARTILAGINOUS JOINTS INCLUDE INTERVERTEBRAL JOINTS AND THE PUBLIC SYMPHYSIS OF THE PELVIS
TYPE OF JOINT IN WHICH THE ARTICULATING BONES ARE SEPARATED BY A FLUID-CONTAINING JOINT CAVITY SYNOVIAL JOINT
TYPE OF JOINT THAT IS FREELY MOVABLE SYNOVIAL JOINT
EXAMPLES OF SYNOVIAL JOINTS: ALL LIMB JOINTS, AND MOST JOINTS OF THE BODY
SYNOVIAL JOINTS ALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING GENERAL STRUCTURE: ARTICULAR CARTILAGE, JOINT (SYNOVIAL)CAVITY, ARTICULAR CAPSULE, SYNOVIAL FLUID, REINFORCING LIGAMENTS
AN INFLAMMATION OF A BURSA, USUALLY CAUSED BY A BLOW OR FRICTION BURSITIS
SYMPTOMS OF BURSITITS: PAIN AND SWELLING
INFLAMMATION OF TENDON SHEATHS TYPICALLY CAUSED BY OVERUSE TENDONITIS
MOST COMMON TYPE OF CHRONIC ARTHRITIS OSTEOARTHRITIS
OFTEN CALLED THE "WEAR-AND-TEAR" ARTHRITIS OSTEOARTHRITIS
ARTHRITIS THAT IS CONSIDERED A NON-INFLAMMATORY CONDITION OSTEOARTHRITIS
ARTHRITIS THAT AFFECTS WOMEN MORE THAN MEN OSTEOARTHRITIS
85% OF ALL AMERICANS DEVELOP ___ OSTEOARTHRITIS
ARTHRITIS THAT IS MORE PREVALENT IN THE AGED, AND IS PROBABLY RELATED TO THE NORMAL AGING PROCESS OSTEOARTHRITIS
CHRONIC,INFLAMMATORY, AUTOIMMUNE DISEAE OF UNKNOWN CAUSE, WITH AN INSIDIOUS ONSET RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
___ BEGINS WITH SYNOVITIS OF THE AFFECTED JOINT RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
INFLAMMATORY CHEMCIALS ARE INAPPROPRIATELY RELEASED AND MIGRATE TO THE JOINT CAUSING SWELLING RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
DEPOSITION OF URIC ACID CRYSTALS IN JOINTS AND SOFT TISSUES FOLLOW BY AN INFLAMMATION RESPONSE GOUTY ARTHRITIS
TYPICALLY AFFECTS THE JOINT AT THE BASE OF THE GREAT TOE GOUTY ARTHRITIS
AN ELABORATE, SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM THAT MOSTLY RUNS LOGITUDINALLY AND SURROUNDS EACH MYOFIBRIL SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM
FUCTIONS IN THE REGULATION OF INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM LEVELS SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM
THE SMALLEST CONTRACTILE UNIT OF A MUSCLE SARCOMERES
THICK FILAMENTS ARE COMPOSED THE ___ ___ PROTEIN MYOSIN
EACH MYOSIN MOLECULE HAS A ___ AND ___ ___ ROD-LIKE TAIL AND TWO GOLBULAR HEAD
THE THREE CONNECTIVE TISSUE SHEATHS ARE: ENDOMYSIUM, PERIMYSIUM, EPIMYSIUM
FINE SHEATH OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE COMPOSED OF RETICULAR FIBERS SURROUNDING EACH MUSCLE FIBER ENDOMYSIUM
FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS GROUPS OF MUSCLE FIBERS CALLED FASCICLES PERIMYSIUM
AN OVERCOAT OF DENSE REGULAR CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS THE ENTIRE MUSCLE EPIMYSIUM
THIN FILAMENTS ARE CHIEFLY COMPOSED OF THE PROTEIN ACTIN
___ CONDUCT IMPULSES TO THE DEEPEST REGIONS OF THE MUSCLE T-TUBULES
Created by: evang