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midterm 1900s


Dawes Plan A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France
League of Nations Allies worked out terms for peace with Germany, precursor to the United Nations
Treaty of Locarno created by Gustav Stresemann(foreign minister of German) & Aristide Briand (foreign minister of France), guaranteed Germany's new western borders w/ France & Belgium ,was viewed as a new era of peace -
total war A war built on the full mobilization of soldiers, civilians, and technology of the nations involved. The term also refers to a highly destructive war ideologies.
Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany who, with considerable backing, overturned democratic government, created the Third Reich, persecuted millions, and ultimately led Germany and the world into World War II.
Nuremberg Laws Legislation enacted by the Nazis in 1935 that deprived Jewish Germans of their citizenship and imposed many other hardships on them
Mein kampf my struggle written by Hitler in prison cell, about beliefs and ideologies
The SS as a group of personal bodyguards. As time went on, this small band of bodyguards grew from 300 members in 1925 to 50,000 in 1933 when Hitler took office. (secret police)
The enabling act a bill that would give Hitler’s government dictatorial powers for four years. To make sure the law passed, the Nazis imprisoned Communists and took actions to soften up public opinion, especially among conservative parties.
Hitler Jugend hittler youth
Nuremberg rallies new racial laws announced by the Nazis in September 1935 that excluded German Jews from German citizenship & forbade marriages and extramarital relations between Jews and German citizens
Kristallnacht Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish properties
The soviet union occupying countries,enslaving their peoples. A brutal totalitarian empire, mass shootings, famine, deportations, tyranny. Mass rape of civilian women in war. The gassing of prisoners. Starvation to death of prisoners
Nazi the national socialist German workers party, laissez-faire capitalism, communism, economic liberalism,and claimed itself as the protector of Germany from Jewish influence and corruption.
The beer hall Putsch The Beer Hall Putsch of November 1923, or the Munich Putsch, was Hitler’s attempt to overthrow the Weimar government of Ebert and establish a right wing nationalistic one in its place
The NEP he New Economic Policy (NEP) was based around a tax called prodnalog, which was a tax on food. By introducing a tax, Lenin was essentially admitting that he was taxing something people owned. Requisition had forcibly taken food under War Communism.
The nazi rise to power Once released from prison, Hitler decided to seize power constitutionally rather than by force of arms. Using demagogic oratory, Hitler spoke to scores of mass audiences, calling for the German people to resist the yoke of Jews and Communists
Appointment of Hitler as chancellor 1933 The Reichstag was then made up of three major groups : anti-republic Communists on he left, anti-republic Nazis and Nationalists on the right; and pro-republic Catholic Center and Social Democrats in the center.
Reichstag fire The event is seen as pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany.
Weimar , Germany A new Republic was declared. In January 1919, elections were held for a new Reichstag and in February 1919, in the town of Weimar, a new government was agreed.
Created by: apeurogroup