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What is the leading cause of FF fatalities? p219 Cardiac Arrest Overexersion or Stress that result in heart attacks and strokes is the leading cause of FF injuries. p219
An exercise in which departments eliminate non emergency functions for a day to focus on safety is called Firefighter Safety Stand Down. p 222 A goal of Everyone Goes Home Initiative in 2004 was to reduce FF fatalities by 50% over the next 10 years. p222
Which NFPA standard applies to potential threats such as anthrax or Hep B? NFPA 1330,1374,*1581,1590 What is the company officers first duty when a member of the unit experiences a job related injury? ensure prompt medical treatment for the individual p. 230
Approximately how many emergency scene causualties occur among fire and emergency services personnel every year? 88,000 p. 220 Which of the following is among the most common emergency scene injuriy to medical services personnel? Back Injuries p. 220
Motor vehicle accidents have accounted for 20% percent of all emergency incident fatalities since 1977. p. 221 The leading type of training related injury is? Strain/sprain p. 220
Who is responsible for scheduling and providing company level safety training? Company Officer p. 222 At a minimum, how often should safety inspections be conducted at department facilities? Annually p. 226
How long must an organization maintain an employee's exposure reports? 30 years after the employee's termination or retirement p. 227 Who is responsible for conducting the initial accident investigation? Company Officer p. 227
Accident reports typically include PPE in use under the category of: A. General Information B. Employee characteristics C. Environmental information D. Apparatus/equipment information p.230 Accident reports typically include noise and visibility info under the category of: Environmental info p.230
Which part of the report includes info from sources such as law enforcement reports or dispatch info? Narrative report p.230 What is the first priority at an accident scene? Ensure medical treatment p.230
What is the first priority at an accident scene? Ensure medical treatment p.230 Behavioral Leadership Style: THEORY X- Bases theory on the average worker disliking work. THEORY Y- Bases theory on the average worker believing work is natural. THEORY Z- Bases theory on involved workers performing without supervision. pg. 33
The leading cause of TRAINING related fatalities is: Heart attacks followed by traumatic injuries. pg. 221 A "close call" is any event that came close to resulting injury or fatality. pg222
The task of reporting the effectiveness of the Safety and Health program to the Health Safety Officers belongs to? The Company Officer pg223 It is the ultimate responsibility of the Organization's Management to provide a safe workplace. pg.223
It is the responsibility of Company Officer to implement training requirments policies, and procedures. pg. 224 What is the most effective means to help prevent accidents? Change the culture that creates an extreme sense of urgency in responders. pg.225
Proper maintenance is one of the best methods for providing a safe workplace. pg. 226 accident investigations should be Objective & Impartial and directed toward fact finding. pg.228
When writing a run report clarity is important, The company officer must use words and phrases that are least likely to be Misinterpreted or Misunderstood. pg. 505 In a Run Report Completeness,Clarity, and Objectivity are important but pale in comparison to the Factuality of the report. pg.505
In Run reports factuality has nothing to do with the writer's Honesty. What is the most common source of ignition? Matches pg. 723
A Post Incident Analysis is also known as After Action Report. pg. 499 A PIA focuses on the actual activities of responders and does not Place blame or find fault. pg.499
What can be developed to make the population aware of the need to change dangerous habits such as smoking in bed? Public Fire & Life Safety Programs pg.499 Emergency responders should not move or handle evidence unless: It is absolutely necessary in order to preserve it. pg. 500
Evidence of the cause of an emergency incidenct may need to be protected. It may be possible to protect it by covering it with a salvage cover, or cardboard box. pg.500 In regards to determining the cause of an emergency, when Law enforcement or fire investigators are not immediately available the property must remain under the control of whom? the fire and emergency services organization pg.501
Chain of Evidence is sometimes used interchangeably with chain of custody. pg501 What action is mandatory before a scene is released by the organization? All evidence must be marked, tagged, and photographed pg.501
A company officer conducting an interview should include all of the following except. pg.502 1. Home telephone number 2. Date of Birth 3. Physical description 4. Work Address (3)
At the closing of an interview what should the officer inform the interviewee? The information provided will only be used as part of the investigation & is considered confidential. pg.503 When a company officer is determining the cause of a fire, the most succesful method is: The process of elimination pg.505
Objective reports are based on the facts and not Opinions or emotions. pg.505 The leading causse of fire is undetermined or unknown pg.507
Post flashover burning can result in burn patterns that are similar to those caused by: Accelerants pg.506 The primary cause for the leading cause of fires to be undetermined is: Lack of evidence pg.507
The most common cause of fires in commercial properties is: Incendiary pg.508 The leading cause of fire related deaths in residential properties is : the careless use of smoking materials pg. 508
Most eveidence collected at a fire scene will be in the form of Artifacts. pg.512 Who are the first persons in the chain of custody? Company officers and their personnel pg.513
A chain of custody tracks an item of evidence from the time it is found until: It is ultimately disposed of or returned to its owner. pg.513 What is the goal of a Post Incident Critique? To acknowledge any weakness and applaud strengths that were evident in the PIA. pg.515
The Fire Officer I makes the first evaluation following the mitigation of the incident. pg.703 What is the first step in the fire investigation process? Locate the point of origin pg. 704
Fires that result from a mechanical malfunction while a vehicle is being driven occur most often in the Engine compartment, Exhaust system, Wheel & Brake Assembly. pg. 705 Wildland fires spread faster uphill than down, faster in fine fuels, & faster in the wind pg. 705
When determing the cause of a fire when should a company officeer call an investigator? If the company officer cannot determine the specific cause. pg.705 When determining the cause of a fire when must a company officer call an investigator? If the fire appears to be the result of a malicious or negligent act. pg. 705
When a fire is classified as Incendiary the fire was deliberately set. the intent may or may not be malicious. pg.706 The fire cause is the sequence of events that allowed the fuel & the source of ignition to come together.
Friendly fires are fires caused intentionally for a legitimate purpose. pg. 707 When wood or other cellulose material is more or less continuously subjected to a low level of heat over a long period, the material can be converted to Pyrophoric carbon. pg. 708
What happens to the ignition temperature of material converted to pyrophoric carbon? Gradually lowered pg. 708 what is one of the moat important things to check during an investigation when any electrical appliance is found at the point of origin? Position of the power switch. pg. 709
These fires may occur several months after the event. Earthquake fires pg. 710 Incendiary timing devices is something an officer or investigator must prove in order to state a fire was of an incendiary nature. pg. 711
Cigarette-match combinations and Candles are frequently used timing devices. pg. 711 Pronounced and irregular damage to a floor may indicate the use of an ignitable liquid. pg. 712
The crime of arson must include four core elemnets: 1. Lighting of fire 2. willful intent 3. Malice 4. Property pg. 715 Historical data indicates that vandalism is usually the result of Boredom or Frustration and is committed by those who are undereducated or people with below average intelligence. pg. 719
Fires set because of Personal or Professional Vendettas fall into the largest category of arson fires and account for half of the total arson problem. pg. 719 Normal targets for Revenge fires are vehicles, storage rooms, or outbuildings and fences. where are fires at homes or businesses often set? Exterior or through Broken window. 719
Vandalism fires are most often set by whom? Two or more individuals (usually juveniles) pg. 719 Arson used as a tool to destroy evidence of a burglary is most often set at what location? point of entry or where an item has been removed pg. 720
Excitement fires are rarely started with elaborate or sophisticated ignition devices, Easily Obtained items are preferred. pg. 721 Pyromania is applied to any person who has an impulse to deliberately and purposely set fires. pg. 725
Effective control of emergency incident scenes depends on leadership, the application of the Incident Command System, and incident action plans that are used to manage the incident. pg. 31 SUPERVISING- act of directing overseeing or controlling the activities and behavior of employees who are assigned to a particular supervisor. pg. 33
Supervising is most closely related to the act of directing, overseeing, or controlling the activities of other individuals. pg. 32 MANAGING-Act of controlling monitoring or directing a project program situation or organization through the use of authority discipline or persuasion. pg. 33
Supervising is a basic function of the Level I Fire Officer as a first line supervisor. pg. 32 LEADING- Act of controlling directing conducting guiding and administering through the use of personal behavioral traits or personality characteristics that motivate employees to the successful completion of an organizations goals. pg. 33
Managing will be applied to the control of a project, program, situation, or organization. pg. 32 leadership skills can be developed through modeling by consciously observing role models and then applying the observed leadership traits through practice. pg. 33
Managing is often associated with the Level II Fire Officer. pg. 32 techniques for SUPERVISING personnel and MANAGING are taught in universities and business seminars. pg. 32
LEADING is not easily taught or learned. Its based on personality traits and characteristics that are developed by the individual. pg. 32 Behavioral Theory of Leadership styles: BASIC LEADERSHIP STYLE- Includes autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire categories. pg. 33
Behavior Theory of Leadership Styles: TWO DIMENSIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLE- Includes job centered and employee centered models. pg. 33 Behavior Theory of Leadership Styles: CONTINGENCY LEADERSHIP THEORY- Believes that no single best style exists. pg. 33
Behavioral Theory of Leadership Styles: CONTEMPORARY LEADERSHIP STYLES- Includes charismatic, transformational, transactional, and symbolic theories. pg. 33 BASIC Leadership style: Autocratic- Tells subordinates what to do and how to do it with no input. It is appropriate for emergencies but not daily operations.
BASIC Leadership Style: Democratic- Includes employees in decision making and allows them to work with least amount of supervision necessary. Appropriate for special emergency operations (haz mat or Tech Rescue). BASIC Leadership style: Laissez-Faire- employees make all the decisions, with no supervision. should never be used in emergency incidents.
TWO DIMENSIONAL leadership style: Compares the degree of job structure to the degree of employee consideration. (job centered and employee centered).
Created by: wnye
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