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Anatomy Chapt 14

QuestionAnswer
Peyronie's disease AKA penile curvature, is a form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection
andropause is often referred to as male menopause, is marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder
hydrocele a fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles
priapism a painful erection that lasts 4 hours or more but is not accompanied by sexual excitement. The condition can be caused by medications or by blood-related diseases such as sickle cell anemia or leukemia
varicocele a knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
azoospermia the absence of sperm in the semen
hemospermia the presence of blood in the seminal fluid
orchidectomy is the surgical removal of one or both testicles
orchiopexy endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum
vasovasostomy AKA a vasectomy reversal, is a procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male
chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, is the most commonly reported STD in the US. It is highly contagious & requires early treatment with antibiotics
gonorrhea a highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In women, this condition affects the cervix, uterus & fallopian tubes. In men, it affects the urethra by causing painful urination & an abnormal discharge.
syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, has many symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from other STDs; is highly contagious & is passed from person to person through direct contact with a chancre, which is a sore caused by syphilis.
trichomoniasis AKA trich, is an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. One of the most common symptoms in infected women is a thin, frothy, yellow-green, foul-smelling vaginal discharge. Infected men often do not have symptoms.
menarche the beginning of the menstrual function
perimenopause the term used to designate the transition phase between regular menstrual periods & no periods of all
obstetrician a physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth & immediately thereafter
ovariorrhexis the rupture of an ovary
polycystic ovary syndrome AKA Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a condition caused by a hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles
endometriosis a condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus & become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity
metrorrhea an abnormal discharge, such as mucus, or pus, from the uterus
uterine prolapse AKA a pelvic floor hernia, is the condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity & sags into the vagina
cervical dysplasia AKA precancerous lesions, is the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix, which can be detected by a Pap smear
cervicitis an inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection
endocervicitis an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix
leukorrhea a profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus & vagina
pruritus vulvae a condition of severe itching of the external female genitalia
fibroadenoma a round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular & connective tissue in the breast
fibrocystic breast disease the presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts. This condition occurs more frequently in older women.
galactorrhea the production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding
mastalgia AKA mastodynia, is pain in the breast
amenorrhea an abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months
dysmenorrhea pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period
hypomenorrhea an unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period
menometrorrhagia AKA intermenstrual bleeding, is excessive uterine bleeding at both the usual time of menstrual periods & at other irregular intervals
oligomenorrhea the term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods
colposcopy the direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix & vagina
hysterosalpingography a radiographic examination of the uterus & fallopian tubes
hysteroscopy the direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus & fallopian tubes
ovariectomy AKA an oophorectomy, is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries
salpingo-oophorectomy the surgical removal of a fallopian tube & ovary
colpopexy AKA vaginofixation, is the surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure such as the abdominal wall
colporrhaphy the surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina
hysterectomy the surgical removal of the uterus
mastopexy mammoplasty to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position
nulligravida a woman who has never been pregnant
nullipara a woman who has never borne a viable child
primigravida a woman during her first pregnancy
primipara a woman who has borne one viable child
colostrum a specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients & antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest
neonate the newborn infant during the first 4 weeks after birth
Apgar score a scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 & 5 minutes after birth
ectopic pregnancy AKA an extrauterine pregnancy, is a potentially dangerous condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted & begins to develop outside the uterus
preeclampsia AKA pregnancy-induced hypertension or taxemia, is a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema & proteinuria
eclampsia a more serious form of preeclampsia, is characterized by convulsions & sometimes coma. Treatment for this condition is delivery of the fetus
placenta previa the abnormal implanation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
chorionic villus sampling the examination of cells retrieved from the chorionic villi, which are minute, vascular projections on the chorion
amniocentesis a surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid
episiotomy a surgical incision made through the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal
Created by: KarenAndVic