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Med. Term. chp.1

Medical Terminology for Health Profession Devry

How many types of word parts may be used to create medical terms? Four
What are the four types of word parts? Word Root, Combining Form, Suffix, and Prefix
Word Root Contains the basic meaning of the term.
Which word part usually but not always indicate the involved body part and sometimes color? Word Root
Combining Form is a word root with a vowel at the end so that a suffix beginning with a constanant can be added.
When a combining form appears alone, it is shown with a _____________ between the word root and the combining vowel. Slash (/)
What are the 3 Word part guidelies? 1. A word root cannot stand alone 2. The rules for creating combining form by adding a vowel apply when a suffix beginning with a consonant is added to a word root. 3. When a prefix is necessary, it is always placed at the beginning of the word.
Suffix always comes at the end of a word
Which word part usually ut not always indicate the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease? Suffix
Prefix always comes at the beginning of a word
Which word root usually but not always indicate location, time, number, or status? Prefix
Tonsillitis Inflamation of the tonsils
Tonsill tonsils
-itis inflamation
Tonsillectomy the surgical removal of the tonsils
-ectomy surgical removal
Cranium the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
crani skull
-um noun ending
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cardi heart
-ac pertaining to
-osis abnormal condition or disease
Gastrosis any disease of the stomach
gastr stomach
cyan/o blue
cyanosis is blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
erythr/o red
erythrocyte is a mature red blood cell
-cycte cell
leuk/o white
leukocyte is a white blood cell
melan/o black
melanosis is any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs.
poli/o gray
poliomyelitis is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord
What are the three rules for using combining form vowels? 1. A combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a consonant. 2. A combining vowel is not used when the suffix begins with a vowel. 3. A combining vowel is used when two or more word roots are joined.
neur/o nerve
-plasty surgical repair
neuroplasty the surgical repair of a nerve
neuritis is inflammation of a nerve or nerves
enter/o small intestine
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
pathology is the study of all aspects of diseases
path disease
-ology study of
Suffixes related to pathology describes specific _________________ ________________. disease conditions
-algia pain and suffering
gastralgia (stomach ache) pain in the stomach
-dynia pain
gastrodynia pain in the stomache
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
-malacia abnormal softening
arteriomalacia abnormal softening of the walls of an atery or arteries
arteri/o artery
-megaly enlargement
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
hepat/o liver
-necrosis tissue death
arterionecrosis the tissue death of an artery or arteries
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
arteriostenosis abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purpose or to remove excess fluid.
abdominocentesis surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
abdomin/o abdomen
-graphy the process of producing a picture or record
angiography the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of the blood vessels
angi/o blood vessel
-gram a picture or record
-plasty surgical repair
myoplasty the surgical repair of a muscle
myo muscle
-scopy visual examination
arthroscopy visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
arthr/o joint
-rrhage and -rrhagia bleeding
hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hem/o blood
-rrhapy surgical suturing to close a wound
myorrhaphy surgical suturing of a muscle wound
-rrhea flow or discharge
diarrhea the frquent flow of loose or watery stools
-rrhexis rupture
myorrhexis the rupture of a muscle
natal pertaining to birth
nat birth
-al pertaining to
perinatal time and events surrounding birth
pre- before
peri- surrounding
post- after
postnatal time and events after birth
otorhinolaryngology the study of the ears, nose and throat
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
laryng/o larynx and throat
lithotomy surgical incision for the removal of a stone
lith stone
edema swelling caused by excesss fluid in the body tissues
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
appendic appendix
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes
endarterial pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
end- within
arther/o plaque
arthr/o joint
atheroma fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
-oma tumor
arthralgia pain in the joint pr joints
-ectomy surgical removal
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening
colostomy surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
col colon
-otomy cutting or surgical incision
colotomy surgical incision into the colon
fissure a groove or crack like sore of the skin
fistula an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs
ab- away from
ad- towards
abnormal not normal; away from normal
addiction drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
dysfunctional an organ or body part not working properly
eu- good, normal, well or easy
euthyroid a normally functioning thyroid gland
hyper- excessive or increased
hypertension higher than normal blood pressure
hypo- deficient or decreased
hypotension lower than normal blood pressure
inter- between or among
intra- inside or within
interstitial between but not within the parts of a tissue
intramuscular within the muscle
sub- under, less or below
super-, supra- above or excessive
subcostal below rib or ribs
supracostal above or outside the ribs
ileum last and longest portion of the small intestine
illium part or the hip bone
infection the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
malaise a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease.
exudate fluid such as pus that leaks out of an infected wound
inflammation a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues.
laceration a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
lesion a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease oer injury
mucous specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities
mucus the name of fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
myc/o fungus
mycosis abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus
-osis abnormal condition or disease
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
myelopathy any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy any pathologic change or disease of the muscle tissue
-ologist specialist
dermatologist a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
dermat skin
-ology the study of
neonatology the study of disorders of the newborn
neo- new
palpation an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture size consistency and location of certain body parts.
palpitation pounding or racing heart
prostate a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
prostrate to collapse and be lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion
pyel/o renal pelvis
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
py/o pus
pyoderma any acute, inflammatory, pus forming bacterial skin infection
pyr/o fever or fire
pyrosis aka: heartburn discomfirt due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
supination the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
suppuration the formation or discharge or discharge of pus
triage the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
trauma wound or injury
viral pertaining to a virus
vir virus or poison
virile having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male
AP appendectomy or appendicitis
CFS chronic fatigue syndrome
DG, Dg, Diag, diag, DX, Dx diagnosis
D/D, DD, DDx, diaf, Diag differential diagnosis
He hemorrhage
Inflam, Inflamm inflammation
PA, Pa, path pathology
PN postnatal
prog, progn, Prx, Px prognosis
Created by: 1669211993