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Urea the main nitrogen containing waste in the urine
Diuretic A substance or drug that tends to increase the discharge of urine
Urinary bladder smooth, collapsible, muscular sac that stores urine temporarily
Loop of Henle a region of the collecting duct; The loop-shaped segment of the nephron of a vertebrate kidney. It plays a role in the transport of ions and water and the concentrating of urine
Creatinine associated with creatine metabolism in muscle tissue; actively secreted into the filtrate
Glomerulus a knot of coiled capillaries in the kidney; forms filtrate
Renal Medulla darker redish brown area of the kidney. It basically has many triangular regions with a striped appearance
Kidney a small kidney bean shaped organ that lies against the dorsal body; it is used by the body to maintain proper water and electrolyte balance, regulate acid-base concentration, and filter the blood of metabolic wastes, which are then excreted as urine.
Urethra tubes that carry urine from kidneys to bladder to the outside of the body
Glomerular (Bowman’s) Capsule the double walled cup at the end of a nephron that encloses a glomerulus
Renal artery the arterial supply of blood to the kidney
Nephron the structural and functional units of the kidney
Ureters tubes that carry urine from kidneys to bladder
Renal Capsule a fibrous transparent capsule that encloses the kidney and gives a fresh kidney a glistening appearance. It provides some protection from trauma and damage
Utric Acid it is released by the kidneys when nucleic acids are metabolized. It is excreted in urine
Peristalsis the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract
Created by: Tessa Elise



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