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MED Urinary Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Urea the main nitrogen
Diuretic a substance or drug that tends to increase the discharge of urine
Urinary Bladder an elastic, muscular sac situated in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity in which urine collects before excretion
Loop of Henle the segment of the nephron of a vertebrate kidney that is situated between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules. It plays a role in the transport of ions and water and the concentrating of urine
Creatinine a creatine anhydride, C4H7N3O, formed by the metabolism of creatine, that is found in muscle tissue and blood and normally excreted in the urine as a metabolic waste.
Glomerulus a tuft of capillaries situated within a Bowman's capsule at the end of a renal tubule in the vertebrate kidney that filters waste products from the blood and thus initiates urine formation.
Renal Medulla the intermost part of the kidney
Renal Artery an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters
Kidney either of two bean
Urethra the canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder in most mammals and through which semen is discharged in the male
Glomerular (Bowman’s) Capsule a double
Nephron any of the numerous filtering units of the vertebrate kidney that remove waste matter from the blood
Ureters the long, narrow duct that conveys urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder or cloaca
Renal Capsule the tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue. It provides some protection from trauma and damage
Uric Acid a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3. Uric acid is created when the body breaks down purine nucleotides.
Peristalsis the radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles which propagates in a wave down the muscular tube, in an anterograde fashion.
Created by: MeghanD