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LOM Ch 12 Vocab


auscultation listening to sounds within the body
percussion tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
pleural rub scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
rales (crackles) fine crackling sound hear on auscultation (during inhalation when there is fluid in the alveoli - sound similar to rubbing your hair together near your ear)
rhonchi loud rumbling sounds hear on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum (
sputum material expelled from the bronchi, lungs,or upper respiratory tract
stridor strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
wheezes continuous high pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
croup acute viral infection of infants and children with obstructio of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
diphtheria acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium (Corynebacterium)
epistaxis nosebleed
pertussis shooping cough: highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
asthma chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstrucction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production-
bronchietasis chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
chronic bronchitis inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
cystic fibrosis (CF) inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
atelectasis collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis
pneumonia acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
pulmonary abscess large collection of pus (from bacterial infection) in the lungs
pulmonary edema fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism (PE) clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
pulmonary fibrosis formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules (granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
tuberculosis (TB) infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
mesothelioma rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura (caused by asbestos exposure)
pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
pleurisy (pleuritis) inflammation of the pleura
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural space
Created by: cskinner