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Anatomy QIII:QIII

Ch. 19-Circulatory System, Branches of the Aorta

QuestionAnswer
study of the blood hematology
study of the heart cardiology
study of blood vessels angiology
study of veins phlebology
innermost layer of the blood vessels tunica intima
primary tissue type of the tunica intima endothelium
surface characteristic of the tunica intima smooth surface
opening in the blood vessel, which allows blood to run through lumen
middle layer of the blood vessels tunica media
primary tissue type of the tunica media smooth muscle tissue
characteristic of the tunica media contrict/dilate
outermost layer of the blood vessel tunica externa (adventitia)
primary tissue type of the tunica externa connective tissue
characteristic of the tunica externa support and anchor to other structures
order of blood vessels from the heart, then returning to the heart arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
of these, which bears the most pressure: veins, arteries, lymphatic vessels arteries
these serve as backup routes for blood to flow if one link is blocked or otherwise compromised anastomoses
T/F: Veins anastomose more frequently than arteries. true
a term used in conjunction with anastomoses collateral circulation
vessels of the vessels vasa vasorum
primary vessel which exits the right ventricle pulmonary trunk
these structures branch from the pulmonary trunk 1 right pulmonary artery, 1 left pulmonary artery
these structures branch from the pulmonary arteries 3 right lobar arteries, 2 left lobar arteries
these structures return oxygen-rich blood to the heart and empty into the left atrium 2 right pulmonary veins, 2 left pulmonary veins
the vessel leaving the left ventricle aorta
ascends from the left ventricle, feeds the heart walls and stops there ascending aorta
lies posterior to the manubrium with three branches aortic arch
the three branches of the aortic arch, in order: braciocephalic trunk, left common carotid, left subclavian
the artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head and neck braciocephalic artery
the braciocephalic artery divides into: the right common carotid and the right subclavian
artery which divides in the neck to become the external and internal carotid arteries left common cartoid
branch of the aortic arch which supplies blood to the head and arms, located in the upper thorax left subclavian
what are the terminal branches of the aorta? common iliacs
branches of the descending aorta which supply the cavity walls parietal branches
branches of the descending aorta which supply the organs visceral branches
posterior intercostal arteries parietal branch of the thoracic aorta
subcostal arteries parietal branch of the thoracic aorta
superior phrenic arteries parietal branch of the thoracic aorta
esophageal arteries visceral branch of the thoracic aorta
bronchial arteries visceral branch of the thoracic aorta
pericardial arteries visceral branch of the thoracic aorta
inferior phrenic arteries parietal branch of the abdominal aorta
celiac trunk *unpaired visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
superior mesenteric artery *unpaired visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
suprarenal arteries visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
renal arteries visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
gonadal arteries visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
inferior mesenteric artery *unpaired visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
lumbar arteries parietal branch of the abdominal aorta
median sacral artery parietal branch of the abdominal aorta
three branches of the celiac trunk left gastric artery, splenic artery, common hepatic artery
Created by: amyziolkowski
 

 



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