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Planning Timeline 4

AICP 2011 Timeline of American Planning History 1960-1980

Kevin Lynch defines basic elements of city's "imageability" (paths, edges, nodes, etc.). Image of the City 1960
by Jane Jacobs, includes a critique of planning and planners. The Death and Life of Great American Cities, 1961
published by Richard Hedman and Fred Bair. a hilarious book of cartoons poking fun at the planning profession by two of our own And On the Eighth Day 1961
becomes first state to institute statewide zoning Hawai'i 1961
represents the states of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. created to foster joint management of the river's water resources. Delaware River Basin Commission 1961
The urban growth simulation model emerges Penn-Jersey Transportation Study. 1962
seminal article in AIP Journal by Paul Davidoff and Thomas Reiner, lays basis for advocacy planning concept A Choice Theory of Planning," 1962
By rachel carson. published and wakes the nation to the deleterious effects of pesticides on animal, plant and human life. Silent Spring 1962
established by the fairfax county board of supervisors, clearing the way for the creation of Reston, a full-scale, self-contained New Town 18 miles from Washington, D.C. Virginia's first residential planned community zone, 1962
a new town situated about halfway between Washington and Baltimore, featuring some class integration and the neighborhood principle Columbia, Maryland 1963
published by t.j. kent The Urban General Plan 1964
outlaws discrimination based on race, creed, and national origin in places of public accommodation Civil Rights Act 1964
by Martin Anderson; indicts then-current urban renewal program as counterproductive to its professed aims of increased low- and middleincome housing supply. contributes to a change in urban policy The Federal Bulldozer 1964
a study of the consequences for community life in a Boston West End Italian-American community, contributes to a change in urban policy Herbert Gans's The Urban Villagers (1962)
In a commencement speech at the Univ of Michigan, Pres Lyndon Johnson declares war on poverty and urges congressional authorization of many remedial programs, plus the establishment of a cabinet-level Department of Housing and Community Development. Johnson's War on Poverty 1964
convened on May 24 and 25, owing much to the interest and advocacy of the First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson. White House Conference on Natural Beauty in America 1965
the Housing and Home Finance Agency is succeeded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Robert Weaver becomes HUD's first Secretary and nation's first African-American cabinet member Housing and urban policy achieve cabinet status 1965
Passed by congress authorizing Federal- Multistate river basin commissions Water Resources Management Act 1965
Passed by congress, This act establishes the Economic Development Administration to extend coordinated, multifaceted aid to lagging regions and foster their redevelopment Public Work and Economic Development Act 1965
establishes a region comprising all of West Virginia and parts of 12 other states, plus a planning commission with the power to frame plans and allocate resources The Appalachian Regional Planning Act 1965
Published by John Reps, the first comprehensive history of American urban planning beginning with colonial times The Making of Urban America 1965
launched the "model cities" program, an interdisciplinary attack on urban blight and poverty. A centerpiece of President Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society" program. The Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act 1966
a seminal historic preservation book, is published With Heritage So Rich,1966
Establishes the Nat Register of His Places & provides, through Sec 106,the prot of pres-worthy sites & properties threatened by fed activities.also creates the nat Advisory Council on Hist Pres & directs each state to appoint a State Hist Pres Officer National Historic Preservation Act passed. 1966
provides protection to parkland, wildlife refuges, & other pres-worthy resources in building natnl roads. Unlike parkland and wildlife refuges, however, privately owned historic sites as well as those in public ownership are protected by Section 4(f). Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act 1966
Celebratory conference in Washington, D.C. Many of the earliest practitioners and founders of the profession attend together with eminent leaders of other professions. The planning profession reaches its 50th anniversary. 1967
drops the final phrase in the 1938 AIP declaration of purpose which tied it to the comp arrangement & regulation of land use. The effect is to broaden the scope and membership of the profession by including "social planners" and "physical planners." "(Louis B.) Wetmore Amendment" 1967
the Office of Management and Budget issues Circular A-95 requiring state and substate regional clearinghouses to review and comment on federally assisted projects to facilitate coordination among the three levels of government. Intergovernmental Relations Act of 1968
The 8th Circuit rules that racial barriers cannot affect the acquisition of property Jones v. Mayer 1968
Published by Ian McHarg, tying planning to the natural environment. Design with Nature 1969
requires an "environmental impact statement" for every federal or federally aided state or local major action that might significantly harm the environment. National Environmental Policy Act 1969
Published by Mel Scott. Reissued in 1995 by the American Planning Association American City Planning Since 1890. 1969
January 1, 1970 First Earth Day First Earth Day 1970
established to administer main provisions of the Clean Air Act (1970). Federal Environment Protection Agency 1970
the first such plan in the nation to allocate low- and moderate-income housing on a "fair share" basis. Miami Valley (Ohio) Regional Planning Commission Housing Plan 1970
AIP adopts a Code of Ethics for professional planners Code of Ethics 1971
the US Supreme Court upheld an amendment to the California Constitution mandating a referendum on all housing projects because an intent to racially discriminate could not be found James v. Valtierra 1971
The US Supreme Court found that an approval for a nuclear power plant was not properly granted because the requirements of the National Environmental Protection Act were not followed. This decision solidified the place of NEPA in the development arena. Calvert Cliffs Coordinating Committee v. US Atomic Energy Commission 1971
encourages the mngmt of coastal zone areas and provides grants to be used in maintaining coastal zone areas. Coastal Zone Management Act 1972
General revenue sharing inaugurated U.S. State and Local Fiscal Assistance Act. 1972
New York high court allows the use of performance criteria as a means of slowing community growth Golden v. Planning Board of Ramapo 1972
symbolizes a nationwide move away from massive, isolating, high-rise structures to a more humane form of public housing architecture: low-rise, less isolated, dispersed Demolition of St. Louis's notorious Pruitt-Igoe Project 1972
Authorized Federal assistance to state and local jurisdictions to establish conservation programs for endangers plant and animal species Endangered Species Act 1973
The Oregon Supreme Court rules that all zoning and rezoning must be consistent with applicable comprehensive plans. Fasano v. Board of County Commissioners of Washington County 1973
replaces the categorical grant with the block grant as the principal form of federal aid for local community development. The Housing and Community Development Act 1974
The US Supreme Court rules that limiting residents of housing units to related individuals was a legitimate use of the police power, eliminating many fundamental civil rights challenges to local regulations Village of Belle Terre v. Boraas 1974
The US 4th Circuit finds that quotas on the annual number of building permits issued was a constitutional use of the police power Sonoma v. Petaluma 1975
shifts emphasis from traditional land-use planning to advocacy planning Cleveland Policy Plan Report 1975
The New Jersey Supreme Court rules that the local zoning ordinance was unconstitutional where it conflicted with state defined fair housing practices. Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mt. Laurel 1975
The US Supreme Court rules that a mandate that all rezonings be subject to referendum is constitutional because no intent to discriminate could be found. City of Eastlake v. Forest City Enterprises 1976
the Court upheld a zoning provision mandating the decentralization of sexually oriented businesses based on studies showing a detriment to society as a result of clustering Young v. American Mini Theaters, Inc. 1976
The California Supreme Court found that temporary moratoria on building permit issuance was constitutional Associated Home Builders of Greater East Bay v. City of Livermore, 1976
Historic Preservation Fund established. Historic Preservation Fund 1976
Equal protection case-the US Supreme Court finds that a regulation effectively denying housing to people based on race, immigration status, or national origin was unconstitutional. Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. 1977
First exam for AIP membership conducted AIP exam 1977
Supreme Court upholds NYC's Landmark Pres Law as applied to Grand Central Terminal. In this landmark decision, the Court found that barring some development of air rights was not a taking when the interior of the property could be put to lucrative use. Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York, 438 U.S. 104 (1978):
American Institute of Planners (AIP) and American Society of Planning Officials (ASPO) merge American Planning Association (APA). 1978
Created by: yoshebelle
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