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Planning Timeline 3

AICP 2011 Timeline of American Planning History 1930-1960

In Chicago, Three hundred agricultural experts deliberate on rural recovery programs and natural resource conservation. National Land Utilization Conference 1931
established to shore up shaky home financing institutions. Federal Home Loan Bank System 1932
the court ruled that an owner cannot make use of his property if it creates a material annoyance to his neighbor or if his neighbor’s property or life is materially lessened by the use. Bove v. Donner-Hanna Coke Corp 1932
established at the outset of the Great Depression to revive economic activity by extending financial aid to failing financial, industrial, and agricultural institutions. Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932
Begins with a spate of counter-depression measures. FDR inaugurated. New Deal 1933
established to save homeowners facing loss through foreclosure. Home Owners Loan Corporation 1933
established in the Interior Dept to assist in the preparation of a comp plan for public works under the direction of Frederick Delano, Charles Merriam, Wesley Mitchell. Its last successor agency, National Resources Planning Board, was abolished in 1943. National Planning Board 1933
established to provide work for unemployed youth and to conserve nation's natural resources Civilian Conservation Corps 1933
set up under Harry Hopkins to organize relief work in urban and rural areas. Federal Emergency Relief Administration 1933
created to provide for unified and multipurpose rehab and redev of the Tennessee Valley, America's most famous experiment in river-basin planning. Sen George Norris of Nebraska fathered idea, and David Lilienthal was its most effective implementer. Tennessee Valley Authority 1933
passed to regulate agricultural trade practices, production, prices, supply areas (and therefore land use) as a recovery measure. The Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933
an organization founded for planners, planning commissioners and planning-related public officials. American Society of Planning Officials 1934
Established FSLIC for insuring savings deposits and the FHA for insuring individual home mortgages National Housing Act. 1934
passed to regulate the use of the range in the West for conservation purposes Taylor Grazing Act 1934
reports its first year of existence. Includes a section entitled "A Plan for Planning" and an account of the "Historical Development of Planning in the United States." The latter views American planning history in the context of U.S. pol and eco hist. "Final Report" by the National Planning Board 1934
estab under Rexford Tugwell, Roosevelt "braintruster," to carry out experiments in land reform and pop resettlement. built the 3 Greenbelt towns (Greenbelt, MD;Greendale, WI;Greenhills, OH) forerunners of present day New Towns:Columbia, MD;Reston, VA Resettlement Administration 1935
Published by by the National Resources Committee, a landmark in regional planning literature. Regional Factors in National Planning 1935
Congress moves to make prevention of soil erosion a national responsibility. Soil Conservation Act. 1935
predecessor of the Nat Historic Preservation Act. Requires the Sec of the Interior to identify, acquire, and restore qualifying historic sites and properties and calls upon federal agencies to consider preservation needs in their programs and plans Historic Sites, Buildings and Antiquities Act, 1935
passed to create a safety net for elderly. Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor and first woman cabinet member, was a principal promoter. Social Security Act 1935
Construct approved by congress.done in 1941, largest concrete structure in the U.S. and the heart of the Columbia Basin Proj, a reg plan comparable in its scope to TVA. project's purposes are irrigation, elec power gen and flood control in the Pac NW Grande Coulee Dam in Central Washington State. 1935
Completed. Creates and sustains population growth and industrial development in Nevada, California, and Arizona. Hoover Dam on the Colorado River 1936
A landmark report by the Urbanism Committee of the National Resources Committee. (Ladislas Segoe headed research staff.) Our Cities: Their Role in the National Economy. 1937
Set the stage for future government aid by appropriating $500 million in loans for low-cost housing. Tied slum clearance to public housing. U.S. Housing Act (Wagner-Steagall). 1937
established as successor to the Resettlement Administration and administrator of many programs to aid the rural poor. Farm Security Administration 1937
the planning of the unified developoment of urban communities and their environs, and of states, regions and the nation, as expressed through determination of the comprehensive arrangement of land uses and land occupancy and the regulation thereof The American Institute of Planners, the planning field's professional organization, states as its purpose: 1938
Homer Hoyt's influential theory appears in his monograph, The Structure and Growth of Residential Neighborhoods in American Cities. "sector theory" of urban growth 1939
by Ladislas Segoe, first of "Green Book" series, appears. Local Planning Administration 1941
Published by Robert Walker Planning Function in Urban Government 1941
The U.S. and allies meet to establish the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank). Bretton Woods (New Hampshire) Agreement 1944
Guaranteed loans for homes to veterans under favorable terms, thereby accelerating the growth of suburbs Serviceman's Readjustment Act ("G.I. Bill"). 1944
created to coordinate federal government's various housing programs. Housing and Home Financing Agency (predecessor of HUD)1947
Construction began. Park Forest, Illinois, and Levittown, New York 1947
uses his Harvard College commencement address to propose the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of postwar Europe. Secretary George C. Marshall 1947
First U.S. comprehensive housing legislation. Aimed to construct about 800,000 units. Inaugurated urban redevelopment program Housing Act (Wagner-Ellender-Taft Bill). 1949
created and chartered by Congress The National Trust for Historic Preservation 1949
U.S. Supreme Court upholds right of Washington, D.C. Redevelopment Land Agency to condemn properties that are unsightly, though nondeteriorated, if required to achieve objectives of duly established area redevelopment plan Berman v. Parker, 1954
Supreme Court upholds school integration. Brown v. Board of Education (Topeka, Kansas), 1954
Stressed slum prev and urb renewal instead of slum clearance and urban redev like the 1949 act.stimulated gen planning for cities under 25K by providing funds under Sec 701 of the act. 701 extended to foster state, interstate, and substate reg plan Housing Act of 1954.
begins in the Detroit area with the formation of a Supervisors' Inter-County Committee composed of the representatives of each county in southeastern Michigan for the purpose of confronting areawide problems. It soon spreads nationwide. The Council of Government movement (COGS) 1954
passed by congress to create interstate highway system linking all state capitals and most cities of 50,000 population or more. Federal Aid Highway Act 1956
published by F. Stuart Chapin Urban Land Use Planning 1957
A seminal, book-length inquiry by Harvey S. Perloff into the "appropriate intellectual, practical and 'philosophical' basis for the education of city and regional planners .. Education for Planning.1957
(A. Guttenberg) published in Journal of American Institute of Planners. The first approach to the definition of land-use classifications in multidimensional terms. A "Multiple Land Use Classification System" 1959
Established by congress with members from various branches of government. Serves primarily as a research agency and think tank in area of intergovernmental relations Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (ACIR) 1959
born when a few department heads of planning schools get together at the annual ASIP conference to confer on common problems and interests regarding the eductation of planners The American Collegiate Schools of Planning (ASCP) 1959
This joint U.S.-Canada project created, in effect, a fourth North American seacoast, opening the American heartland to seagoing vessels. The St. Lawrence Seaway is completed. 1959
Created by: yoshebelle
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