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LOM Ch1 Combine Form

Medical Terminology Basic Word Structure

Root Foundation of the term
Suffix word ending
Prefix word beginning
Combining vowel vowel (usually o) that links the root to the suffix or to another root
combining form Combination of the root and combining vowel
Combining rule Drop to combining 'o' if the next letter is also a vowel
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o to cut
crin/o to secrete
cyst/o urinary bladder; sac or cyst
cyt/o cell
derm/o or dermat/o skin
electr/o elecricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines (usually used when referring to the small intestines)
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar (glucose)
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o or hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment, physician
leuk/o white
log/o study of
nephr/o kidney
onc/o tumor, cancer
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot
ur/o urinary tract
The way to determine meaning of medical terms Read the terms contents from right to left eg: transhepatic ic(pertaining to) hepato (liver) trans (through) So - pertaining to through the liver.
Created by: cskinner