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chap 13 endocrine

endocrine system

acromegaly chronic metabolic condition characterized by grandual, noticeable enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities due to oversecretion of the pituitary gland after puberty
adenohypophysis the anterior pituitary gland
adenopathy** any disease of a gland, characterized by enlargement
adrenocortical pertaining to the cortex of the adrenal gland
adrogen** any steroid hormone that increases male characteristics
cortex pertaining to the outer region of an orhan or structure
cretinism** a congenital condition caused by lack of thyroid secretion. this condition is characterized by dwarfism, slowed mental development, puffy facial features, dry skin and large tongue
diabetes insipidus a metabolic disorder characterized by extreme polydipsia(thurst) and polyuria(urination). this disorder of the pituitary gland due to a deficiency in sectetion of the antidiuretic hormone.
endocrine gland a ductless gland that produces a chemical substance called a hormone, which is secreted directly into the bloodstream instead of exiting the body throgh ducts
endocrinology** the field of medicine that deals with the study of the endocrine system and of the treatment of the diseases and disorders of the endocrine system
estrogen one of the female hormones that promotes the development of female secondary sex characteristics
euthyroid pertaining to a normally functioning thyroid gland
exophthalmia an abnormal condition characterized by a marked outward protrusion of the eyeballs
glucagon** a hormone secreted by the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas that stimulates the liver to convert glycogen into glucose
glucogenesis the formation of glycogen form fatty acids and proteins instead of carbohydrates
glycogenesis the conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver for later use as needed
Created by: tyrantstrick