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MT Intro Study Guide

Intro Exam Worksheet

QuestionAnswer
Word parts that come at the beginning of words prefixes
Word parts that come at the end of words suffixes
From which direction are medical terms broken down? Right to left
What is a word root basic meaning of the word
What is a combining form a word root and vowel
When do you use the combining forms vowel when adding suffixes when suffix begins with a consonant
List 4 major elements of which the body is made oxygen; hydrogen; carbon; nitrogen
What is the basic structural unit of the body cell
What is the diaphragm Muscle of respiration that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
What is the mediastinum space between lungs,
organs in the mediastinum heart; esophagus; trachea; and great vessels
Encloses the cell, semipermeable, regulates the movement of materials in and out of the cell cell or plasma membrane
Fluid inside cell, contains nutrients, waste products, etc. that cell need to maintain proper environment cytoplasm
Round body inside cell, "control center" of cell, contains cell instructions nucleus
What is karyotyping classification of chromosomes by size and arrangement
How many chromosomes are there 23 pair or 46 total
Round body inside the nucleus, thought to be involved in RNA production nucleolus
"Power plant" of the cell, breaks down fuel to make energy mitochondria
Network of tubes and channels that transports materials from one part of the cell to another endoplasmic reticulum
what does epithelial tissue do protects and lubricates
what does connective tissue do connect, join, supports other tissue
what does muscle tissue do contracts enabling movement
what does nervous tissue do conducts electrical impulses
Which systems have organs that are all lined with mucous membranes (epithelial tissue) respiratory; reproductive; digestive; and urinary
The 3 serous membranes that line body cavities and their location pleura-covers lungs and lines thoracic cavity pericardium- covers heart, lines pericardial cavity peritoneum- covers abdominopelvic organs, lines abdominopelvic cavity
Which type of tissue forms skin and mucous and serous membranes epithelial
Which type of tissue forms bone, fascia, blood, tendons and fat connective
Which type of tissue contracts enabling movement muscle
Which type of tissue relays electrical impulses nervous
Name 3 types of muscle skeletal, cardiac, smooth or visceral
function of skeletal muscle attached to bones, voluntary and striated
function of cardiac muscle found in the heart, involuntary and striated
function of smooth or visceral muscle found in internal organs, involuntary and non-striated
Define tissue groups of similar cells working together to perform a specific function
Define organ two or more different tissues working together to perform a complex function or common goal
Define system groups of organs working together to perform a complex function or common goal
Define homeostasis The bodies automatic tendency to maintain a constant environment or steady state
Define nutrient any useful substance
Define energy the ability to do work
Define metabolism sum total of all chemical reactions that take place in the body
Which phase is the "building up" phase and uses energy anabolism
Which phase is the "breaking down" phase and produces energy catabolism
Osmosis The movement of water from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration
Diffusion The movement of particles from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration
What is the difference between diffusion and active transport Active requires assistance and uses energy Particles are moved against the concentration gradient
Function of integumentary system protection, excretion, respiration
Function of skeletal system framework and support
Function of muscle system movement by way of contraction
Function of digestive (gastrointestinal) system digestion, absorption, elimination
Nervous system provides communication throughout the body
Endocrine system controls, initiate, regulates all body activity (mate to the nervous system)
Reproductive system propagation of the human race
Serous membranes Body cavities are lined with this
Serous fluid Body cavities are known to produce this slippery substance that serves to protect tissues
1.5 L Serous membranes produce this much fluid each day.
Serous fluid Serves to protect and cushion the organs enclosed within
Connective tissue The most abundant connective tissue in the body
Joins, connects and supports The main purpose of the connective tissue
Fibroblasts Bind, connect, make scar tissue
Macrophage Eat and devour
Mast cells Part of inflammatory process. Produces histamine and heparin
Plasma cells Makes antibodies (immune system)
Adipocytes Insulates, cushions, provides energy
Gel-like fluid that suspend connective tissue cells Ground substance or matrix
Connective tissue fibers Collagen, reticular, elastin,
Collagen Very strong, resilient and flexible. Strongest and largest of fibers, rope like
Reticular Mesh like, adhere skin to underlying structures
Elastin Very strong. Can stretch and return to original state
Most rigid and dense of connective tissue Bone
Most liquid of connective tissue Blood
Connective tissue known for storing available energy called fat Adipose
Loose aereolar Connective tissue that binds the skin to the underlying structures
Dense fibrous Connective tissue that makes up the tendons and ligaments of the body
Elastin Connective tissue that surrounds the muscles and blood vessels
Cartilage Connective tissue that protects the ends of all bones
Tensegrity Ability to move in all directions, hold tension
Thixotropic When agitated it liquifies
Petrosage, friction How does a MT use thixotropic properties
Piezoelectricity Electrical current within collagen of the connective tissue
Acupuncture Bodywork modalities that engage piezoelectricity
Connective tissue What is fascia
Neuron, neuroglia Two types of nervous cells
Neuron Conducts electricity
Neuroglia No impulses, supports nervous cells
2 divisions of the nervous system Central, peripheral
Brain , spinal cord Structures within the CNS
Spinal and cranial Structures within the PNS
2 divisions of the autonomic nervous system Sympathetic, parasympathetic
Chi, Prana Eastern medicine that gives concept of the life force that flows through us
Meridians, channels Chinese medicine uses these to tap into life force and correct imbalance
12 Meridians Lung, lg intestine, stomach, spleen/pancreas, heart, sm intestine, bladder, kidney, heart Governor, triple warmer, gall bladder, liver
Yin Negative charge, dark side, parasympathetic, female
Yang Sympathetic, positive, light side, male
Yin organs Liver, spleen, pancreas, brain
Yang organs Hollow organs, heart, lungs
Five elements Fire, earth, metal, water, wood
Ayurveda Right living/knowledge. This form of energy medicine uses the 5 elements in combination to form the dosha
Wheel of life Chakras
7 Chakras Base, saccral, solar plexus, heart, throat, third eye, crown
Nerve plexus Chakras are closely related to the nervous systems what?
Energy field is composed of Physical body, etheric body, emotional body, mental body, spiritual body. These fields are called the aura
Integumentary Covers and protects, respiration and excretion
Skeletal Supports structure and framework
Reproductive Propogation of life
Created by: mlarke