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Ch 9-10

The Nervous System and The Senses

Axons carry nerve impulses away from cell body TRUE
Photoreceptors of the eye are the rods and cones TRUE
Serotonin and Dopamine are morephine like neurotransmitters that lessen the sensation of pain FALSE
A general sense organ can respond to many different stimuli, a special sense organ can respond to only one FALSE
A family history of the disease is more important risk factor for Alzheimers than it is for Huntington's FALSE
Epilepsy is considered a seizure disorder TRUE
Neuroblastoma is an inherited disorder of the Sympathetic Nervous System FALSE
The Ventricles of the brain produce Cerebral Spinal Fluid FALSE
The Endocrine System and the Nervous, help regulate body function TRUE
The cause of both a stroke and Cerebral Palsy could be a lack of oxygen to neurons in the brain TRUE
Because colorblindness is an inherited trait carried on the "X" Chromosome, it is more common for woman to be colorblind than men because they have 2 "XX" chromosomes FALSE
There are more chemoreceptor special senses than photoreceptor senses TRUE
If the auditory tube is clogged, it may make a plane ride uncomfortable TRUE
Much of the sense of taste is actually the sense of smell TRUE
As outside light progresses from day to night, our vision switches from rod to cone vision FALSE
Another term for Farsightedness Hyperopia
A chronic ear disease of unknown cause that is characterized by nerve deafness and vertigo Ménière's Disease
Refers to a ear infection Otitis
Another term for Pink Eye Conjunctivitis
A structural irregularity of shapes that impairs conduction is called Otosclerosis
Caused by excessive intraocular pressure Glaucoma
Caused by cloudy spots in the lens of the eye Cataract
Oldsightedness Presbycusis
An irregularity of the Cornea Astigmatism
Nearsightedness Myopia
What is true of the Cerebellum? Second largest part of the brain, lies under the occipital lobe of the Cerebrum, is responsible for muscle coordination
Sense of taste is... A chemoreceptor, there are 4 primary tastes and generated by cells in the taste buds called, Gustatory cells
Another name for Tic Douloureux Trigeminal Neuralgia
The external ear ends at the... Tympanic Membrane
The sense of smell can be considered a... Chemoreceptor and a special sense
What are the functions of Thalamus? Relays impulses to the Cerebral Cortex from sense organs, Associates sensations with emotions, plays a part in the arousal or alerting mechanism
What do we know about Multiple Sclerosis? Myelin Disorder, Oligodendrocyte injury and death, most common in woman between 20 and 40 years old.
The vital centers are located where? Medulla Oblongata
Motor neurons are also called... Efferent
What structure in the inner ear is the hearing organ? Cochlea
Leading cause of blindness in the elderly? Macular Degeneration
What are the layers of the meninges? Pia Mater, Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater
Another name for connecting neurons? Interneurons
What is an example of Morephine like transmitters? Enkephalin
What are the parts of the Nervous System? Spinal and Cranial nerve, and Autonomic Nervous System
What is the whites of the eyes called? Sclera
What are the parts of the brainstem? Pons, Midbrain and the Medulla Oblongata
A nerve is... a groups of Peripheral Axons
Parkinsons is a chronic nervous disorder resulting from a deficiency of what neurotransmitter? Dopamine
What are the functions of the Hypothalamus? Produces Anti-Diuretic Hormone, helps regulate water balance, helps regulate body temperature.
Sensory neurons are also called... Afferent
What are 3 layers of tissue that form the eyeballs? Sclera, Retina and Choroid
If a person never had Chicken Pox, it is less likely he/she will ever get... Shingles
Autonomic Nervous System is a subdivision of Peripheral Nervous System
What is sometime called the "Window of the Eye"? Cornea
Created by: 665403447



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