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MED100 Chapter 5

Medical Terminology Chapter 5

Superficial Toward the surface of the body.
Deep Away from the surface of the body.
Abduction Movement away from the median plane of the body or one of its parts.
Adduction Movement toward the median plane of the body
Medial Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
Lateral Pertaining to a side.
Superior (Cephalad) Toward the head or upper portion of a structure.
Inferior (Caudal) Away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure.
Proximal Near the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure
Distal Away from the attachment of an extremity tothe trunk or a structure
Anterior (Ventral) Near the front of the body
Posterior (Dorsal) Near the back of the body
Parietal Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
Visceral Pertaining to an organ
Prone Lying horizontal with the face downward or denoting the hand with palms turned downward
Supine Lying on the back with the face upward or denoting the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward.
Inversion Turning inward or inside out
Eversion Turning outward
Palmar Pertaining to the palm of the hand
Plantar Pertaining to the sole of the foot
cyt/o Cell
hist/o tissue
nucle/o nucleus
anter/o anterior, front
caud/o tail
dist/o tail
dors/o back (of body)
infer/o lower, below
later/o side, to one side
medi/o middle
poster/o back (of body), behind, posterior
proxim/o near, nearest
ventr/o belly, belly-side
abdomin/o abdomen
acr/o extremity
inguin/o groin
lumb/o loin
omphal/o navel(umbilicus)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
albin/o white
leuc/o white
leuk/o white
anthrac/o black, coal
cirrh/o yellow
jaund/o yellow
xanth/o yellow
cyan/o blue
erythem/o red
erythr/o red
rube/o red
melan/o black
poli/o gray
fasci/o band
home/o same, alike
idi/o unknown, peculiar
path/o disease
radi/o radiation,x-ray
somat/o body
viscer/o internal organs, viscera
xen/o foreign,strange
xer/o dry
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-gnosis knowing
-gram record, a writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-pathy disease
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
allo- other, differing from the usual
infra- below, under
peri- around
super- upper, above
trans- across, through
ultra- excess, beyond
ablation removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, or radiofrequency (RF)
adhesion a uniting or holding together of two surfaces or parts, as in wound healing.
dehiscence the bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound.
nuclear medicine the branch of medicine involved with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, therapy and research.
polyp a tumor with a pedicle, commonly found in vascular organs such as the nose, uterus, and rectum.
radiopharmaceutical radioactive chemicals used in testing the location, size, outline, or function of tissues, organs, vessels, or body fluids.
sepsis pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream.
suppurative producing or associated with generation of pus.
digital radiography (computerized radiography) radiographic imaging procedure using a computer screen instead of conventional x-ray film.
fluoroscopy a technique that uses an x-ray to project an image onto a television monitor; this provides live images and allows the observer to study the function of the organ as well as its structures.
magnetic resonance angiography an imaging technique that uses a magnetic filed to visualize vascular structures.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a noninvasive imaging technique that uses a magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce an image, especially of the brain, spine, joints, and internal organs, which are usually poorly seen on conventional radiographs and CT scans.
positron emission tomography (PET) scan a cross-sectional transverse plane that identifies metabolic and psychological function in tissues.
sonography a technique that uses high-frequency sound saves to produce an image; used to display various body parts, including breast, major veins and arteries (doppler), kidney, spleen, and eye, and is a valuable diagnostic tool for prenatal evaluation of the fetus
stereoradiography the process of taking x-rays from two slightly different angles so that when they are viewed through a stereoscope the structure has the appearance of solidity and relief as though seen in three dimensions.
anastomosis the joining together of two ducts or blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other; bypass
biopsy the obtaining of a representative tissue sample for microscopic examination usually to establish a diagnosis.
needle the removal of tissue by use of a needle, usually attached to a syringe.
punch removal of a small bit of tissue by use of a hollow punch.
cauterize to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
curettage scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette.
ligation the process of binding or tying using a band, bandage, thread or wire.
resection partial excision of a bone, organ, or some other structure.
radical dissection the surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site, in an attempt to excise all tissue that may possibly be malignant to decrease the chance of recurrence.
AP anteriorposterior
CNS central nervous system
CT scan, CAT scan computed tomography scan, computed axial tomography scan
CV cardiovascular
Dx diagnosis
GI gastrointestinal
GU Genitourinary
I&D incision and drainage
LAT, lat lateral
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS musculoskeletal
PA posterioranterior
RLQ right lower quadrant
ROM range of motion
RUQ right upper quadrant
sono sonogram, sonography
U&L, U/L upper and lower
Created by: mshearer10