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AP Psych Unit 10


an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, felling, and acting personality
method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind free association
freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconcsious motives and conflicts psychoanalysis
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories unconscious
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy, that according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives id
the largely conscious "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego reality. operates on the reality principle ego
the part of the personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations superego
the childhood stages of development during which, said Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones psychosexual stages
according to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred toward rival father Oedipus complex
the process by which, said Freud, chidlren incorporate their parent's values into their developing superegos identification
according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved fixation
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality defense mechanisms
the basic defense mechanism taht banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciuosness repression
defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energies remains fixated regression
defense mechanisms by which the ego unconsciuosly switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings. reaction formation
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others projection
defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions rationalization
defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet displacement
defense mechanism by which people re-channel their unacceptable impulses into socially approved activities sublimation
defense mechanism by which people refuse to believe or even to perceive painful realities denial
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history collective unconscious
a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics projective test
a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous secrets Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
the most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots Rorschach Inkblot Test
a theory of death-related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral response to reminders of their impending death terror-management theory
according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is acheived; the motivation to fulfill one's potential self-actualization
according to Roger's, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person unconditional positive regard
all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question "who am I?" self-concept
a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports trait
a questionarre on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors personality inventory
the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests; originally developed to identify emotional disorders Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
a test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups empirically derived test
views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people's traits and their social context social-cognitive perspective
the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment reciprocal determinism
the extent to which people perceive control over their environment rather than feeling helpless personal control
the perception that chance or outside forces beyond your personal control determine your fate external locus of control
the perception that you control your own fate internal locus of control
the scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive positive psychology
assumed to be the center of personality the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions self
overestimating others' noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders spotlight effect
one's feelings of high or low self-worth self-esteem
a readiness to perceive oneself favorably self-serving bias
giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications individualism
giving priority to the goals of one's group and defining one's identity accordingly collectivism
Created by: kp1793
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