Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Peds GI

Pediatrics

QuestionAnswer
Most common site of intussusception ileocecal valve (part of ileum into ascending colon)
Intussusception s/s 3 months-1 year. Colicky, abd pain, N/V, drawing up legs. Early: sausage-like abdominal mass. In 48 hrs lethargy, tachypnea, fever, hypotension, currant jelly stools (late)
Intussusception mgmt NGT, telemetry, IVF. CMP, coag, CBC. US or xray (looks like inverted cap). Barium or air enema both dx/tx
Introduce solid foods (cereal, fruits) 4 – 6 mo; after 6 mo add meat, eggs, starchy foods
Rule of 3s in colic Prolonged episodes of crying for >3 hrs / day, for >3 days / week, for >3 weeks in a previously well infant
Contraindications to reduction of Intussusception by barium Free intraperitoneal air or peritoneal & systemic sxs of compromised intestine: need surgical reduction
Volvulus (malrotation) presentation In 1st 1-3 weeks of life. Recurrent bilious vomiting. Acute SBO.
Volvulus on imaging Abdominal xray shows double bubble sign. Barium enema shows malposition of cecum. Upper GI series shows ligament of Treitz malposition
Diagnostic procedure of choice in pt with volvulus and without obstruction Upper GI series
Volvulus mgmt Surgical emergency (due to bowel necrosis from SMA occlusion). May require second-look surgery at 24-48h
Constipation mgmt PRN disimpaction. High fiber diet. Short term laxatives. Low dose PEG x6 months.
Projectile vomiting in infant within 2h of feeding suggests: pyloric stenosis
Pyloric stenosis presentation 4:1 M:F. 2-12 weeks old. Nonbilious emesis, wt loss. Olive shaped RUQ mass. Hypochloremic alkalosis with potassium depletion
Pyloric stenosis mgmt NGT. Surgery
Viral gastroenteritis etiologies rotavirus; caliciviruses (includes noroviruses); astroviruses ; adenoviruses
Bacterial gastroenteritis etiologies nontyphoidal Salmonella; Shigella; Campylobacter; E. coli (EPEC, 0157-H7)
Viral gastro: explosive, watery diarrhea, N/V, fever, 2-8 days rotavirus
Gastroenteritis: Abx recommended for Shigella or EPEC if <3 mos old; NOT for Salmonella or 0157:H7
Giardia may cause this condition: vulvovaginitis in prepubescent girls
Created by: Abarnard
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards