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Bastyr HumanAnat 3

Spine, CNS, Back, Etc

Number of Vertebrae? Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, sacral, coccygeal 7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic, 5 Lumbar, 5 Sacral, 4 coccygeal
Vertebrae that are fused? Sacrum and coccyx
Vertebral column is flexible because? 1. Small parts 2. Ligaments 3. Muscles
Weight Bearing characteristics of vertebrae Vertebrae carry progessive more weight. Larger until sacrum
What are the primary curvatures Thoracic and Sacral
What are the seconday curvatures Cervical and lumbar
Kyphosis is? Hunchback excessive curvature in thoracic vertebrae
Lordosis Sway back, excessive lumbar curvature
4 typical part to vertebrae 1. Arch 2. Body 3. Several processes for muscle attachment 4. Relatively short spinous and transverse processses
Cervical Vertebrae characgteristics C1- Atlas, C2 Atlas, C3-6 typical C7- transitional.
Carotid Tubercle vertebral level? C6. Carotid artery can be compressed
C1 nerve exits? Between skull and C1
Thoracic Vertebrae have? Spinous Processes, Mammillary process- for muscle attachment transverse process
Medial Sacral Crest formed by? S3 and S4 spinous processes
Sacral Groove
Created by: tiberius