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Ch8 Definitions

Alexis Payne

the trend of middle- and upper-income Americans moving into city centers and rehabilitating much of the architecture but also replacing low-income populations, and changing the social character of certain neighborhoods gentrification
a process occurring in many inner cities in which they become dilapidated centers of poverty, as affluent whites move out to the suburbs and immigrants and people of color vie for scarce jobs and resources ghettoization
the market area surrounding an urban center, which that urban center serves hinterland
period characterized by the rapid social and economic changes in manufacturing and agriculture that occurred in England during the late 18th century and rapidly diffused to other parts of the developed world Industrial Revolution
those parts of large urban areas that lose significant portions of their populations as a result of change in industry or migration to suburbs. Because of these changes, the inner city loses its tax base and becomes a center of poverty inner city decay
cities in Muslim countries that owe their structure to their religious beliefs. They contain mosques at their center and walls guarding their perimeter Islamic cities
cities in Latin America that owe much of their structure to colonialism, the rapid rise of industrialization, and continual rapid increases in population Latin American cities
cities that developed in Europe during the Medieval Period and that contain such unique features as extreme density of development with narrow buldings, winding streets, and ornate church that prominently marks the city center Medieval cities
cities, mostly characteristic of the developing world, where high population growth and migration have caused them to explode in population since WWII megacities
several, metropolitan areas that were originally separate byt that have joined together to form a large, sprawling urban complex megalopolis
within the US, an urban area consisting of one or more whole county units, usually containing several urbanized areas, or suburbs, that all act together as a coherent economic whole metropolitan area
point of view, wherein cities and buildings are though to act like well-oiled machines, with little energy spent of frivilous details or ornate designs. Efficient, geometrical structures made of concrete and glass dominated urban forms for half a century modern architecture
type of urban form wherein cities have numerous centers of business and cultural activity instead of one central place multiple nuclei model
Created by: alexisvpayne