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Stack #604119

Skeletal

QuestionAnswer
Abduction movement of a body part away from the midline.
Adduction movement of the body toward the midline.
Articular cartilage; a thin layer of cartilage covering each epiphysis.
circumduction moves the distal end of a bone in a circle.
compact bone the outer layer of bone that is hard and dense.
condyle an oval projection that fits into an elliptical socket.
crest a sharp edge
diaphysis the shaft of a bone.
endosteum thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity.
epiphyseal plate cartilage between the epiphyses and diaphysis that promotes growth.
epiphyses the ends of a bone
extension INCREASING the angle of a joint. ie. a straightening a bent elbow.
flexion REDUCES the angle of a joint. ie. bending an elbow.
fontanel areas where ossification is incomplete or known as "soft spots".
hematopoiesis The process of blood cell formation.
medullary cavity the hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone containing yellow bone marrow.
olecranon fossa a large depression on the posterior surface of the humerus.
osteoclasts bone reabsorbing cells.
osteocytes living bone cells
osteoblasts a bone forming cell
periosteum a strong fibrous membrane covering a long bone everywhere except a joint surface.
red bone marrow soft connective tissue inside the hard walls of some bones that is the center of production of all blood cells consisting mainly of myeloid tissue.
fossa a hollow or depressed area.
What are the four functions of the skeletal system? Movement, Protection, Storage, and Hematopiesis
Created by: epowells