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TEP Digestive system

QuestionAnswer
Ingestion the process of taking food into the body through the mouth
Digestion the bodily process of breaking down foods chemically and mechanically
Absorption passage of a substance into or across a blood vessel or membrane
Defecation/Elimination the elimination of the contents of the bowels
Mechanical Digestion/Mastication the act of chewing
Esophagus the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
Incisor a tooth for cutting or gnawing; located in the front of the mouth in both jaws
Bicuspid having two points or cusps
Molar the grinding teeth in the back of the mouth
Canines four pointed conical teeth located between the incisors and the premolars
Gingiva the gums
Dentin the calcified tissue forming the major part of a tooth; deep to the enamel
Pulp The soft tissue forming the inner structure of a tooth and containing nerves and blood vessels
Crown the anatomical area of teeth, usually covered by enamel. The crown is usually visible in the mouth after developing below thegingiva and then erupting into place.
Neck the narrowed part of a tooth between the crown and the root
Root sinks the tooth into the gums. contains the nerve
Saliva the secretion of salivary glands dected into the mouth
Bolus a rounded mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing
Pharynx the muscular tube extending from the posterior of the nasal cavities to the esophagus
Peristalsis the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract
Chyme the semifluid stomach contents consisting of partially digested food and gastric secretions
Pyloric sphincter a sphincter at the opening from the stomach into the duodenum
Pepsin an enzyme of digesting proteins in n acid pH
Gastrin a hormone that stimulates gastric secretion, especially hydrochloric acid release
Hepatocytes A liver cell
Bile a greenish-yellow or brownish fluid produced in a secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine
Lipase A fat-splitting enzyme found in pancreatic juice, blood, and many tissues.
Amylase digestive enzyme made primarily by the pancreas and salivary glands
Duodenum the first part of the small intestine
Jejunum the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum
Colon the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.
Ileum the terminal part of the small intestine; between the jejunum and the cecum of the large intestine
Villi fingerlike projections of small intestional mucosa that tremendously increase its surface area for absorption
Gastric pertaining to, affecting, or originating in the stomach
Insulin the hypoglycemic hormone produced in the pancreas affecting carbohydrate and fat metabolism, blood glucose levels, and other systemic processes
Trypsin An enzyme of pancreatic juice that hydrolyzes proteins into smaller polypeptide units
Created by: Tessa Elise