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CPC Study - Integumentary System

How many layers make up the skin? 2 - epidermis, dermis
Layers of the dermis: papillare, reticulare
Outer layer of epidermis: stratum corneum
Deepest layer of epidermis: basal layer
Hypodermis fat tissue and fibrous connective tissue connecting skin to underlying muscle
Another name for superficial fascia: hypodermis
Lunula white area at base of nail plate (growth area)
Eponychium narrow band of epidermis at base and sides of nail (cuticle)
Paronychium soft tissue around nail border
Types of glands: sebaceous (lubricate skin, hair), sudoriferous (sweat glands)
Homograft or Allograft same-species graft
Anhidrosis deficiency of sweat
Autograft graft from patient's own body
Causalgia burning pain
Delayed Flap pedicle of skin with blood supply that is separated from origin over time
Epidermolysis loosening of epidermis
Epidermomycosis superficial fungal infection
Epithelium surface covering of internal and external organs of body
Erythema redness of skin
Escharotomy surgical incision into necrotic tissue
Furuncle nodule in skin caused by staphylococci entering through hair follicle (boil)
Hematoma localized collection of blood
Ichthyosis scaling of skin
Island pedicle flap contains a single artery and vein that remains attached to origin temporarily or permanently
Leukoderma depigmentation of skin
Leukoplakia white patch on mucous membrane
Lipocyte fat cell
Lipoma fatty tumor
Melanin dark pigment of skin
Melanoma tumor of epidermis, malignant and black in color
Mohs' Micrographic Surgery removal of skin cancer in layers by a surgeon who also acts as a pathologist during surgery
Neurovascular Flap contains artery, vein, nerve
Pedicle growth attached with a stem
Sebum oil
Free full-thickness graft graft of epidermis and dermis completely removed from donor area
split-thickness graft graft of epidermis and some of dermis
Steatoma fat mass in sebaceous gland
Subungual beneath nail
Xanthoma yellow, fatty tumor
Xenograft different species graft
Xeroderma dry, discolored, scaly skin
Macule flat area of color change (freckle, flat mole)
Papule solid elevation (wart, lichen planus, mole)
Nodule solid elevation 1-2 cm in diameter (lipoma, enlarged lymph nodes)
Pustule elevated area filled with purulent fluid (pimple, impetigo, abscess)
Tumor solid mass (hemangioma, neoplasm, lipoma)
Plaque flat elevated surface 1cm or greater (psoriasis, seborrheic keratosis)
Wheal insect bite, allergic reaction
Vesicle small blister (shingles, chickenpox)
Bulla large blister
Scales flakes of cornified skin
Crust dried exudate on skin (scab)
Fissure crack in skin
Erosion loss of epidermis
Scar excess collagen production following trauma
Atrophy loss of some portion following trauma
Ulcer area of destruction of entire epidermis
Define the stages of a pressure ulcer: I erythema, II partial loss of skin, III full thickness loss of skin up to but not through fascia, IV full thickness loss with extensive destruction and necrosis
Keloid sharply elevated, irregularly shaped scar that progressively enlarges
Cicatrix scar
Types of exogenous atopic dermatitis: irritant dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis results in the activation of these cells: mast cells, eosinophils, T lymphocytes, monocytes
Allergic contact dermatitis is most common in: infants and children
Stasis dermatitis dermatitis on legs from venous stasis
Psoriasis chronic, relapsing, proliferating skin disorder (papulosquamous)
Pityriasis Rosea self-limiting inflammatory disorder beginning with herald patch, progresses to circular lesions over the trunk and upper extremities
Lichen Planus pink lesions that turn into violet-colored pruritic papules occuring on skin and mucous membranes
Types of acne vulgaris: noninflammatory (whiteheads, blackheads), inflammatory (follicle walls rupture, pustules result)
Bacterial Impetigo highly contagious pyoderma common in infants and children, caused by staphylococcus
Erysipelas bright red and hot skin infection
Acute necrotizing fasciitis virulent strain of gram-positive, A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus
Cold Sore fever blisters on lips caused by Herpes simplex virus 1
Shingles are caused by this virus: varicella-zoster virus
Verrucae warts
Warts are caused by this virus: human papillomavirus
4 types of tinea tinea capitis, tinea corporis (ringworm), tinea pedis (athlete's foot), tinea unguium (onychomycosis)
Tinea superficial skin infection
Seborrheic Keratosis benign skin tumor - proliferation of basal cells, dark lesion on trunk or face
Actinic Keratosis benign skin tumor - pigmented scaly patch caused by exposure to sun (pre-malignant)
Keratoacanthoma benign skin tumor - occurs in hair follicles
Nevi moles (benign skin tumor)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma malignant skin tumor - grows wherever squamous epithelium is located
Basal Cell Carcinoma malignant skin tumor - common, slow growing, easily treated
Where does a melanoma originate? in melanocytes
Kaposi's Sarcoma rare vascular skin cancer associated with AIDS (painful lesions appearing as purple papules)
Created by: dropgallow