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JRA Greece Geography

Gepgraphy of Greece Notpacket Vocab + Key Words

An area of land surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
A settlement in a distant place. colony
Trade, or economic activity, that takes place using the sea for transportation. maritime trade
A small community or village. settlement
An early city that was like a small independent country with its own laws and government. city-state
A person who makes money by selling goods. merchant
A neighboring kingdom north of the ancient Greeks. Macedonia
The central region of ancient Greece where the city-state of Athens was located. Attica
The southern region of Greece, a peninsula, where the city-states of Sparta, Mycenae, and Olympia were located. Peloponnesus
Large empire to the east of Greece that wanted to take over Greece and its trade routes. Persia
(Modern-day Turkey) Region of land on the eastern side of the Aegean Sea, where Troy and many Greek colonies were located. Asia Minor
Largest island in the Mediterranean Sea with rich farmland. Location of one of Greece's earliest civilizations, the Minoans, who were a highly advanced and peaceful society. Crete
The long, narrow, body of water between Europe and Asia, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea. Hellespont
Large body of water located between Europe and Africa. Mediterranean Sea
Body of water located between Greece and Turkey, containing hundreds of small islands. Aegean Sea
Large in-land sea located north of modern-day Turkey and east of Bulgaria. In ancient times, this was a region with rich mineral resources. Black Sea
One of the earliest and strongest Greek city-states, known for its dedication to learning and the arts, as well as the development of democracy. Athens
A Greek city-state known for its dedication to military training and strict lifestyle. Sparta
A Greek settlement in Asia Minor made famous in Homer's story of the Trojan War. Troy
Ancient kingdom located on the Peloponnesus. Very powerful between 1400 and 1100 B.C. Mycenae
A type of food that was not common in Greece and was received through trade. grains
The civilization that the Greeks created their alphabet from. Phoenicians
Ruler of the Minoans on the island of Crete. King Minos
The age during which the Dorians moved into Greece and writing was stopped. Dark Age
Man who wrote epic poems such as the Odyssey. Homer
An epic poem written by Homer about the adventures of Odysseus. Odyssey
A man who was lost and took 20 years to get back to his home in Ithaca. Odysseus
A war that was between Greece and Troy that Homer wrote about. Trojan War
Vegetables, nuts, grapes, olives. Greek Crops
Sheep, goats, oxen, donkeys, chicken, bees. Greek Raised Animals
Created by: math47ja