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L&M Ch.7

Urinary System Terminology

QuestionAnswer
Abscess Collection of pus
Acetone Ketone body produced in abnormal amounts in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
Albuminuria Protein in urine.
Antidiuretic Hormone Pituitary gland hormone that stimulates the kidney to decrease production of urine (vasopressin)
Anuria Suppression of urine formation by the kidney
Azotemia Excess of nitrogenous waste products in the blood.
Bacteriuria bacteria in urine
Bowman Capsule Enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus (ball of capillaries) in outer section of kidney.
Caliceal Pertaining to a calyx (Cup-shaped collecting chamber in the centeral portion of the kidney)
Caliectasis Dilation of widening of a calyx(which occurs when urine is backed up in the kidneys).
Calyx Cup-shaped collecting region in the renal pelvis
Creatinine Nitrogen-containing waste product of muscle metabolism.
Creatinine Clearance test Measures the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidney.
Cystectomy Excision of the urinary bladder
Cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
Cystoscopy Visual(endoscopic) exam of the urinary bladder.
Created by: Niqua843