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Food Borne Bacteria

Bacteria responsible for food poisoning

associated with raw poultry products, eggs, pork, processed meats- sometimes raw fruits and vegetable Salmonella (foods)
Causes fever, cramps, diarrhea, sometimes vomiting, onset 7 hours to 3 days after eating contaminated food, illness lasts 2-3 days Salmonella (symptoms)
Avoid cross-contamination with raw meats, thoroughly cook meat and poultry, never eat runny yolks or raw eggs, wash fruits and vegetables Salmonella (prevention)
Raw chicken and raw milk Campylobacter (foods)
diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, headache, muscle pain; onset is 2-5 days after eating contaminated food, lasts 7-10 days Campylobacter (symptoms)
avoid cross-contamination of food with raw meats, cook meat and poultry, use pasteurized milk- no raw milk Campylobacter (prevention)
meat and meat products, poultry and egg products, salads, cream filled bakery products, milk and dairy products, food that has been over-handled, left at room temp or above Staphylococcus Aureus (foods)
vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps; illness begins in 3-8 hours, lasts 2 days Staphylococcus Aureus (symptoms)
Wash hands properly, keep foods refrigerated Staphylococcus Aureus (prevention)
raw milk, raw meat, raw vegetables, ice cream, soft cheeses, refrigerated salads- this organism can grow even at refrigerated temps Listeria Monocytogenes (foods)
starts as mild flu-like symptoms- leads to septicemia (blood poisoning), encephalitis (brain swelling)and stillbirth in pregnant women; onset is between 12 hours to a few weeks, AFFECTS OLDER PEOPLE, VERY YOUNG & THOSE WITH CHRONIC ILLNESS Listeria Monocytogenes (symptoms)
wash fresh fruit and vegetables, keep foods refrigerated to slow growth, if you have health problems- avoid eating risky foods Listeria Monocytogenes (prevention)
undercooked raw ground beef, lettuce & spinach, unpasteurized apple cider, raw milk, raw fruit and vegetables E. Coli (foods) Escherichia coli 0157.H7
severe cramping, bloody diarrhea, can lead to kidney failure, illness occurs between 1-10 days after eating contaminated foods E. Coli (symptoms) Escherichia coli 0157.H7
cook ground beef to 160 degrees, wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly, don't drink unpasteurized milk or apple cider E. Coli (prevention) Escherichia coli 0157.H7
improperly home canned food, very rare, sometimes honey Clostridum Botulinum or Botulism (foods)
double vision, vertigo, inability to swallow, speech difficulty, respiratory (breathing) paralysis, symptoms begin within 18 hours to 2 days, often fatal, recovery takes a long time Clostridum Botulinum or Botulism (symptoms)
safe home canning techniques, don't eat food from damaged cans, keep cold food refrigerated, no honey for babies Clostridum Botulinum or Botulism (prevention)
meat and gravy dishes that are not cooked and held at high enough temperatures, allowed to sit out at room temperature Perfringens (foods)
abdominal cramping and diarrhea, illness starts 8-22 hours after eating contaminated food, lasts 1-2 days Perfringens (symptoms)
Keep hot foods hot, higher than 140 degrees or refrigerate if they are not served immediatel Perfringens (prevention)
rice and grain products, dairy products (milk, cream, custards) Bacillus cereus (foods)
diarrhea and abdominal pain, sometimes nausea and vomiting within a few hours of eating contaminated food Bacillus cereus (symptoms)
Keep hot foods at temperatures higher than 140 degrees, keep cold foods lower than 40 degrees Bacillus cereus (prevention)
seafood, especially shellfish (oysters, clams, mussels) Vibrio paraheamolyticus (foods)
diarrhea, cramps and nausea,illness occurs 1-4 days after eating Vibrio paraheamolyticus (symptoms)
Refrigerate seafood, never eat raw shellfish Vibrio paraheamolyticus (prevention)
salads, raw produce, milk & dairy products, foods that are exposed to unsanitary handling or contaminated water Shigella (foods)
watery and bloody diarrhea, fever, cramping- onset between 12 hours and 2 days Shigella (symptoms)
thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables under running water, wash hands properly Shigella (prevention)
fruits, vegetables, raw or undercooked meats- accidental ingestion of soil contaminated with cat feces Toxoplasmosis (foods)
flu like illness, very dangerous to pregnant women Toxoplasmosis (symptoms)
thorougly wash produce and cook meat- don't garden in a "cat bathroom area" Toxoplasmosis (prevention)
Created by: nherr