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MT Chap7 Respiratory

med terms, anatomy, patho

QuestionAnswer
Anoxia the absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues
Aphonia loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
Apnea absence of spontaneous respiration
Asphyxia condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function
Aspiration pneumonia develops when a foreign substance such as vomit is inhaled into the lungs
Asthma a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
Atelectasis condition in which the lung fails to expand completely because of shallow breathing or because the air passages are blocked
Bradypnea abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute
Bronchoscopy the visual examination of the bronchi with the use of a bronchoscope
Bronchospasm contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure - machine push air to cause the tongue to go forward to maintain an open airway
Cheyne-Stokes respiration pattern of alternating periods of slow breathing and the absence of breathing that are followed by rapid breathing
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease which is usually both chronic bronchitis and emphysema
Croup acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by the obstruction of the larynx, coarseness and a barking cough
CF - Cystic fibrosis genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucous
Diphtheria acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract
Dysphonia any change in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boys voice in puberty
Dyspnea difficulty or labor breathing, also known as shortness of breath
Emphysema progressive loss of lung function that is commonly attributed to long-term smoking
Empyema accumulation of puss or infective fluid in the pleural cavity
Endotracheal intubation the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to maintain an open airway
Epistaxis bleeding from the nose, that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders
Exhalation breathing out as diaphragm relaxes
External Respiration exchange of O2 and CO2 in the alveoli
Internal Respiration exchange of O2 and CO2 between the blood stream and body cells, tissues, organs
Hemoptysis coughing up of blood or blood stain sputum
Hemothorax collection of blood in the pleural cavity
Hypercapnia abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperpnea increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
Hypopnea shallow or slow respiration
Hypoxemia condition of having below normal oxygen level in the blood
Hypoxia condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the body tissue and cells - less severe than anoxia
Inhalation take in air as the diaphragm contracts
Laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
Laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx, with the use of the laryngoscope
Mediastinum cavity located between the lungs that surrounds and protects the heart, its veins and arteries, and the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, thymus gland and lymph nodes
Nebulizer pumps air or oxygen through liquid medicine to turn it into vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a facemask or mouthpiece
Otolaryngologist physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck
Pertussis contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract, also known as whooping cough
Pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx, also know as a sore throat
Pleurisy inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath
Pneumothorax accumulation of air in the plural space, causing a pressure imbalance that can make the lung collapse
Polysomnography (AKA sleep apnea study) a diagnostic test that measures physiological activity during sleep
Pulmonologist a specialist in diagnosing and treating illnesses of the lungs and associated tissues
Pulse oximeter external monitor placed on the patient's finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
Pyothorax an accumulation of puss or fluid in the pleural cavity
Sinusitis inflammation of the sinuses
Tachypnea an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually >20 breaths per minute
Thoracentesis the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to remove the fluid from the pleural cavity
Tracheostomy creation of an opening into the trachea and insertion of a tube to facilitate the passage of air or removal of secretions
Created by: cudawn