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EKG week 1 & 2

EKG prefixes, suffix, rootwood and common abbreveations

ECG OR EKG electrocardiogram
C.P. chest pain
BID twice a day
TID three times a day
MD medical doctor
QHS hour of sleep or bed time
PRN as needed
STAT Immediately
ASAP as soon a possible
H.R. heart rate
DX diagnosis
TST Thallium Stress Test
ETT or ST exercise treadmill test or stress test
DC'D discontinued / discharged
S.O.B. shortness of breath
D.O.E. dyspnea on exertion
NSR normal sinus rhythm
RSR regular sinus rhythm
a,an- without, away
ab- away from
ana- up against
anti- against
bi- two
brady- slow
dys- difficult, bad
endo- within
hyper- above
hypo- below
inter- between
intra- within
peri- around / surround
pro- before / move forward
supra- above / beyond
tachy- swift / rapid
-ac pertaining to
-emia blood
-gram a tracing / a mark
-graphy writing / record
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-megaly enlarged
-oma tumor
-pathy disease
-plasty surgical repair
-sclerosis dryness / hardness
-stenosis narrowing
-scope instrument to examine
-scopy examination to see
angi/o- blood vessels or lymph vessels
aort/o- aorta
arter/o, arteri/o- arteries
ather/o- fatty plaque
card/o, cardi/o- heart
coron/o- heart / crown
ech/o- sound
hem/o- blood
phleb/o- vein
radi/o- radiation / xray
thromb/o- blood clot
ven/o- vein
anterior front
posterior back
lateral side
apex lower part of heart
Cardiology study of the heart
supine lay on back / face up
Prone lay face down
TEE Trans esophageal Echo-cardiogram
Thallium a type of isotope, injected into IV, allows the heart to be scanned to check that blood flow is adequate all areas of the heart muscle.
Persatine a medication put into IV, dilates the blood vessels. Makes heart think it is exercising.
Sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure / blood pressure cuff
palpitation irregular, rapid beating or pulsation of the heart
Prefix beginning of word
Suffix end of word
Root-word Combining word
MI Myocardial Infarction heart attack
LDL cholesterol Bad cholesterol
HDL cholesterol Good cholesterol
Hypertension High blood pressure
Electrocardiogram a test to measures heart rate & rhythm useful detecting abnormalities of heart rhythm.
Echocardiogram an ultrasound test that shows function of valves & heart muscle.
Holter Monitor a 24hour record of your EKG.
Pacemaker clinic allows the function of a pacemaker to be checked.
Telemetry A heart monitor worn while in hospital that allows the patient to be monitored.
Created by: joanneb