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RIZZO A&P 8.1

Chapter 8.1 Movements of the Synovial Joints

QuestionAnswer
Flexion decreases the angle between bones
Extension increases the angle between bones
Hyperextension increases the joint angle beyond the anatomic position
Dorsiflexion raises the foot upward at the ankle joint
Plantar pushes the foot down at the ankle joint
Abduction moves a bone away from the midline
Adduction moves a bone toward the midline
Rotation moves a bone around a central axis, perpendicular to the axis
Rotation moves a bone around a central axis, perpendicular to the axis
Circumductiom moves a bone so the end of it describes a circle and the sides of it describe a cone
Supination moves the palm of the hand to an upright position or from a posterior to an anterior position of at the side of the body
Pronation moves the palm of the hand to a downward position or from an anterior position to a posterior position if at the side of the body
Eversion moves the sole of the foot outward at the ankle
Inversion moves the sole of the foot inward at the ankle
Protraction moves a part of the body forward on a plane parallel to the ground
Retraction moves a part of body backward on a plane parallel to the ground
Elevation raises a part of the body
Depression lowers a part of the body
Opposition allows the tip of the thumb and the fingers to be brought together (a mitten)
Reposition spread the fingers and the thumb away from each other (a glove)
Created by: flyingpig23