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Ch. 1 A&P Galen

Organization and General Plan of The Body

What is the simplest level of organization? Chemical Level
Give 3 examples of organic chemicals. 1. Carbohydrate 2. Lipids 3. Proteins
Give 3 examples of inorganic chemicals. 1. Carbondioxide 2. Water 3. Oxygen
What is the most complex level of organization? Organ system
Give 3 examples of an organ system. 1. Digestive 2. Reproductive 3. Endocrine
What is the simplest living level of organization? Cellular
What are cells with similar structure and function that are grouped together called? Tissue
What is a group of tissues tha tis arranged in a particular way to accomplish specific functions called? Organ
What tissue lines the stomach and covers the epidermis? Epithelial Tissue
What tissue supports, transports, or stores materials- ie. bone, blood Connective Tissue
What tissue contracts and brings about movement? ie. heart and skeltal muscle Muscle Tissue
What tissue transmits impulses that regulate body functions? ie. spinal cord and brain Nerve Tissue
All of the chemical reactions and metabolic changes that occur in the body are known as what? Metabolism
What is metabolic rate? The amount of heat and energy produced by the body per unit of time
A person in a state of good health is also known to be in a state of ? Homeostasis
Number these events in order Stimulus, stimulus occurs again, responce by body increases, responce by body decreases, stimulus is decreased 1-5-2-4-3
Opposite of Inferior Superior
Opposite of proximal distal
Opposite of lateral medial
Opposite of periphereal central
Opposite of superficial deep
Opposite of anterior posterior
Opposite of dorsal ventral
Opposite of internal external
The deltoid area is what to the cervical area lateral
The femoral area is what to the patellar area proximal
The occipital and lumbar areas are on what side of the body? posterior
The pectoral and umbilical areas are on what side of the body? ventral
The volar area is what to the plantar area? superior
The cutaneous area is what to the muscles? superficial
The ribs are what to the pulmonary area? external
The nerves in the hand are part of what nervous system? periphereal
what cavity is lined with meninges and contains the brain Cranial Cavity
What cavity is lined with parietal pleura, contains the heart and lung? Thoracic cavity
What cavity contains the internal reproductive organs and urinary bladder? Pelvic Cavity
What cavity iw lined with the peritoneum and contains the liver and pancreas? Abdominal cavity
Created by: bblonk



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