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PIMA BIO130

CHP8 Skeletal: General Bone Markings

QuestionAnswer
Angle A corner
Body The main portion of a bone
Condyle Rounded bump; usually fits into a fossa on another bone to form a joint
Crest Moderately raised ridge; generally a site for muscle attachment
Epicondyle Bump near a condyle; often gives the appearance of a "bump on a bump"; for muscle attachment
Facet Flat surface that forms a joint with another facet or flat bone
Fissure Long, cracklike hole for blood vessels and nerves
Foramen Round hole for vessels and nerves (pl.,foramina)
Fossa Depression; often receives an articulating bone (pl.,fossae)
Head Distinct epiphysis on a long bone, seperated from the shaft by a narrowed portion (or neck)
Line Similar to a crest but not raised as much (is often rather faint)
Margin Edge of a flat bone or flat portion of the edge of a flat area
Meatus Tubelike opening or channel (pl.,meatus or meatuses)
Neck A narrowed portion, usually at the base of a head
Notch A v-like depression in the margin or edge of a flat area
Process A raised area or projection
Ramus Curved portion of a bone, like a ram's horn (pl.,rami)
Sinus Cavity within a bone
Spine Similar to a crest but raised more; a sharp, pointed process; for muscle attachment
Sulcus Groove or elongated depression (pl., sulci)
Trochanter Large bump for muscle attachment (larger than a tubercle or tuberosity)
Tuberosity Oblong, raised bump, usually for muscle attachment; also called a tuber; a small tuberosity is called a tubercle
Created by: Jgiron6994