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Lesson 16

Lesson 16/Cell Physiology

/ase enzyme suffix
iso/ same, equal
/ity (noun) the state of
/phase (noun) phase or portion
/sstatic (adjective) control, hold in
active transport uses energy to transport elements across a membrane
anabolic relating to building up a molecule
anabolism building up a molecule
anaphase one of the phases of cell reproduction
anucleate without nuclei
binucleate cells with two nuclei
C, carbon element in protein
hexa/ six
catabolic relating to breaking down a molecule
centromere point where two chromatids join
chromatid one of the paired chromosome strands
concentration gradient difference in concentration between two areas
daughter cell in cell reproduction two ells with identical nuclei
dialysis diffusion of particles dissolved in water
diffusion method of passive transport of elements across a membrane
electrolyte element with a charge
ferr/o iron
Fe, iron a trace element
filtration method of passive transport that pushes molecules through a membrane
funtional functional protein carries out the work that a cell does
ferrous relating to iron
H, hydrogen element in protein
hydrostatic water pressure
hypertonic solution with more solutes than cytoplasm of cell
hypertonicity state of being hypertonic
hypotonic solution with fewer solutes than cytoplasm of cell
hypotonicity state of being hypotonic
I, iodine trace element
interphase period between mitotic activity
ion element with a charge
isotonic fluids with same concentration of solutes as cytoplasm
K, potassium trace element
metabolic relating to basic function of cell
metabolism basic function of cell
metaphase one of the phases of cell reproduction
tonic producing and restoring normal tone
tonicity condition of concentration of solutes
multi/ many
multinucleate cell with many nuclei
N, nitrogen element in protein
Na, sodium trace element
osm/o smell
osmosis diffusion of water
passive transport particles move across a membrane without using energy
permease chemical that carries another molecule across cell membrane
phagocytosis "eating" method of bringing material into the cell
pin/o sip
pinocytosis "sipping" method of bringing material into the cell
prophase one of the phases of cell reproduction
proteins important building product of cell
selective permeability ability to choose which things pass through a membrane
sodium pump permease that carries sodium
solute substance dissolved in a solvent
structural type of protein to build new cells and cell parts
tel/o distant
telophase one of the phases of cell reproduction
crenate, crenation collapsed cell
trace element very small amounts of elements