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Purple Term - 449

Terminology

Purple TermMeaning of Term
-algia pain
ambul/o walk
ante- before, in front of
anti- against
asthenia weakness, debility
athet/o uncontrolled
melan/o, anthrac/o black
blephar/o eyelid
cyan/o blue
brady- slow
caus/o burning
-centesis surgical puncture
cephal/o head
chloro-, chlor/o green
contus/o bruise
convulsants seizures
convult/o coiled & twisted
crani/o cranium (skull)
-cusis hearing (-cusia, audit/o, audi/o, acous/o, -acusis)
anthrac/o black, coal
ech/o sound
erthr/o red
faci/o face
gastr/o stomach
hemat/o blood
-osis abnormal condition of
audi/o hearing
-ology study of
bi- two
-itis inflammation
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (white part of eye)
dendr/o branching
-cele hernia, swelling
cerebr/o cerebrum
cerebell/o cerebellum
cheil/o lip
chlor/o green
chem/o chemical; drug
cholecyst/o gallbladder
-cide killing
cine- movement
circum- around
cirrh/o yellow
-cision a cutting
-cyte, cyt/o cell
cyst/o bladder
cutane/o skin
-cusis hearing
-cusia hearing
crypt/o hidden
cruci/o cross
cost/o ribs
cortic/o cortex (means outer layer)
core/o pupil
hom/o same
home-, home/o same, alike
herni/o hernia
ichthy/o scaly, dry
irid/o, irit/o iris
kerat/o horney tissue, hard cornea
kinesi/o movement, motion
macro- larger
metr/o uterus (womb) measurement
-metry measurement
mening/o meninges
micro- small
myring/o middle ear
tympan/o eardrum, middle ear
mono-, mon/o one
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
narc/o stupor
neur/o nerve
noct/o, nyctal/o, nyct/o night
uni-, mono-, mon/o one
-opia vision
-plegia paralysis
-pexy surgical fixation, put in place
-phagia eatting, swallowing
-phasia, phas/o speech
phleb/o vein
poli/o grey matter
poly- many, much
ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
ptysis spitting
py/o pus
phas/o speech
ven/o vein
retin/o retina
eosin/o rose or dawn coloured
-rrhagia, -rrhage bursting forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-ologist specialist in study of
myel/o spinal cord
sub- below, under
sulc/o groove
synaps/o point of contact
tachy- fast, rapid, swift
deca- ten
tri- three
-tome instrument to cut
-tropia turning
-version turning
-trophy nourishment
-schisis a splitting
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
ment/o mind
dipl/o two, double
schiz/o split
-desis surgical fixation
par/o to bear, labour, give birth to
pachy/o thick
son/o sound
xanth/o yellow
-pathy disease
aur/o ear
dys- bad, painful, difficult
-ectomy excision, removal
exo- outside, outward
extra- outside
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
blephar/o eye lid
dendr/o branching
quadr/o, quadri- four
genesis production, formation, origin
-glia, gli/o glue, neuroglial tissue
gyn/o woman
gynec/o woman
hist/o tissue
hydr/o water
aque/o water
hypn/o sleep
ger/o old age; aged
gangli/o ganglion
eti/o cause (of disease)
encephal/o brain
acoust/o hearing
audit/o hearing
audi/o hearing
acous/o hearing
-acusis hearing
sial/o saliva
puerper- childbirth
glauc/o grey
asbest/o asbestos
aur/o ear
auricul/o ear
cirrh/o yellow
-cision a cutting
onc/o tumor
spir/o breathe, breathing
-pnea breathing
-physis growth
pyr/o fever, heat
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
chromat/o green
contra- against, opposite
concuss/o shaken (shaken baby syndrome)
-scope instument for examining
-scopy process of viewing; visual exam
-lysis destruction, separtation, loosening
-tomy incision
-spasm twitching, involuntary contractions
-ist specialist
-tropia turning
-para to bear (off spring)
-epi above, upon, on top
log/o study of
-ism condition
iso- same, equal
-ia condition
-gram record
-tripsy crushing
-oma tumor
-oid resembling
-penia decrease, deficiency
mi/o smaller
micr/o, micro- small
muc/o mucus
multi- many, much
myx/o mucus
-phobia fear
neo- new
-ectasis dilation, expansion
nulli- none
de- cessation
-plasty plastic, surgical repair
-opsy view of
-ostomy creation of artificial opening
-isy state of condition
-er, -ician one who
pyr/o fire
-us condition, structure
-acusia deafness
dendr/o branching
dipl/o double, two
ot/o ear (also aur/o, auricul/o)
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
exo- outside, outward, (also ect/o)
spir/o breathe, breathing
-pnea breathing
-physis growth
pyr/o fever, heat
somn/o sleep
sial/o saliva
puerper- childbirth
glauc/o grey / gray
aur/o, auricul/o ear
cauter/o heat, burn
-cision a cutting
hist/o tissue
gyr/o turning, folding
ophthalm/o, ocul/o eyeball, eye
extra- outside, outward, (also ecto-)
-acusia deafness
crani/o cranium (skull)
convolut/o coiled & twisted
cephal/o head
convulsants seizures
brady- slow
ambul/o walk
ambly/o dim, dull
contus/o bruising
-centesis surgical puncture
aque/o water
genisis formation, production, orgin
asbest/o asbestos
irit/o iris (also irid/o, ir/o)
lysis- loosening, destruction, separation
kinesi/o movement, motion
kerat/o horney tissue, hard, cornea
macro- large
mening/o meninges
neur/o nerve
sub- below, under
synaps/o point of contact
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
eosin/o rose or dawn coloured
-ologist specialist in the study of...
-rrhexis rupture
retin/o retina
phleb/o vein (ven/o)
-phasia speech (phas/o)
-phagia eatting, swallowing, (phag/o)
-pexy put in place, fixation
-plegia paralysis
tympan/o eardrum
-opia vision
narc/o stupor
-itis inflammation
noct/o night (nyctal, nyct/o)
ptysis spitting
py/o pus
sulc/o groove
tachy- fast, rapid, swift
-tome instrument to cut
-tropia turning (-version)
trophy- nourishment
-schisis a splitting
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
ment/o mind
-desis surgical fixation, fushion
par/o to bear, labour, give birth to
pachy/o thick
xanth/o yellow
ton/o tone, tension, pressure
-rrhaphy suture
poli/o grey matter (bone marrow, spinal cord)
poly- many, much
phleb/o vein
-opia vision
a or an without, not
-osis, iasis abnormal condition of
anti-, contra- against, opposite
-dynia pain
-algia pain
aque/o water
peri-, circum- around
-asthenia weakness, debility, loss of strength
blephar/o eyelid
hem/o, hemat/o blood
cephal/o head
encephal/o brain
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
chrom/o colour
circum- around
convolut/o coiled & twisted
concuss/o shaken together
-ia, -esis condition of
-iasis abnormal condition of
contra- against, opposite
core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cortic/o cortex, outer region
crani/o cranium (skull)
-cusis hearing
athet/o uncontrolled
caus/o, caust/o burning
conjunctiv/o conjuntiva
anis/o unequal
ambly/o dull, dim
eti/o cause (of disease)
dors/o back (of body)
dacry/o tear, tear duct
lacrim/o tear, tear duct
scot/o darkness
necr/o death
-penia deficiency of
hypo- deficiency of
dendr/o branching
dermat/o skin
dys- difficult, painful
hyper- excessive, above
-rrhagia, -rrhage excessive flow, bursting forth
exo- outside, outward, (ecto-)
-genic production, orgin, formation
-pexy fixation of
-desis fixation of
sulc/o groove
cardi/o heart
hem/o blood (hemat/o)
hemi- one half
esthesia- feeling, sensation
epi- above, upon
fove/o pit
ocul/o eye
eso- inward
hist/o tissue
ger/o aged, old age
phoria- feeling (mental state)
phac/o lens
ax/o mainstream, axis
goni/o angle
dur/o dura mater
-cele hernia, swelling, herniation
lact/o milk
phac/o lens (of eye)
-lepsy seizure
leuk/o white
phot/o light
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
mening/o meninges
galact/o milk (lact/o)
my/o muscle
narc/o stupor
-juxta near, beside
-oid resembling
-ology study of
oma- tumor
onc/o tumor
-opsia vision (-opia)
-lepsy seizures
myc/o fungus
intra- within, in
-osis abnormal condition
ot/o ear
cortex outer region (cortic/o)
supra- over, above
epi- over, above
para- beside, beyond, around
-penia decrease, deficiency of
presby/o old age
pseudo/o false, fake
-ptosis drooping, sagging
-ptysis spitting
core/o pupil
radicul/o nerve, nerve root
scler/o sclera (white of eye - hardening)
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy visual examination
pinn/o external ear
somat/o body
plex/o plexus, network
-esthesia feeling, sensation
-phoria feeling (mental state)
phac/o lens (lens of eye)
cutane/o skin (dermat/o)
somn/o sleep
phas/o speech (-phasia)
sympath/o sympathetic nerve
syn- together, joined, union
synapt/o point of contact (synaps/o)
tachy- fast, rapid, swift
con- together, with
-tropia turning
gyr/o turning, folding
leuk/o white
tars/o edge of eylid
-stomy surgical opening
thalam/o thalamus, chamber
ventricul/o ventricle
-ptosis drooping
extra- outside
-glia glue, neuroglial tissue
gyr/o folding, turning
hydro- water
somn/o sleep
asbest/o asbestos
aur/o ear
aque/o water
ophthalm/o eyeball
caust/o burning
brady- slow
scot/o darkness
phil/o love, attraction
ot/o, aur/o, auricul/o ear
exo- outside, outward
ecto- outside, outward
dys- pain
spir/o, -penia breathing
cirrh/o yellow
irit/o iris
kerat/o horney tissue, hard cornea
kinesi/o movement
-lysis destruction, separation
macro- large
irid/o iris
myring/o middle ear
micro- small
ir/o iris
myel/o bone marrow
narc/o stupor, numbness
neur/o nerve
-acusia deafness
goni/o angle
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
caust/o burning
sthen/o strength
idi/o; -gnosis unknown, knowing
-tax order, coordination
lex/o word of phrase
-later side, to one side
-cata down
lept/o thin, slender
-taxia order, coordination
thee/o sheath (refer to meninges)
gangli/o ganglion (knotted mass)
-iatry medicine, treatment
canth/o corner of your eye
vitre/o glassy
stab/o strabismus
-dextra means "right"
Created by: Laurel3