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science-AP European

Science-AP European History-2011 Gilstrap mid-year review

QuestionAnswer
Newtonian World View based in reductionism, determinism, materialism, and a reflection-correspondence view of knowledge, 1727-present, led to enlightenment and scientific advances in the 20th century
Auguste Comte French philosopher, a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism.
positivism refers to a set of epistemological perspectives and philosophies of science which hold that the scientific method is the best approach to uncovering the processes by which both physical and human events occur
Charles Darwin established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestry, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection.
On the Origin of Species Charles Darwin's first book on Natural Selection. Was an is widely read in the intellectual community
Natural Selection process by which traits become more or less common in a population due to consistent effects upon the survival or reproduction of their bearers
The Descent of Man a book on evolutionary theory by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. Darwin's second great book on evolutionary theory
Herbert Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies
Ernst Mach As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism and through his criticism of Newton, a forerunner of Einstein's relativity
Henri Poincaré a mathematician and physicist, he made many original fundamental contributions to pure and applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and celestial mechanics
Wilhelm Roentgen a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays
Henri Becquerel French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity along with Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
Created by: S.A.T.A.