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Ross Nervous System

Study The Nervous System

Name two control systems in the body. The Endocrine and Nervous systems
Impulses in the somatic nervous system affect the Skeletal Muscles
Where is the cerebellum. Under the occipital lobe of the cerebrum
What is the function of an axon? Transmit impulses away from the cell body of a neuron.
Describe a dendrite. Branch like projections from the cell body that transmits impulses toward the cell body
What is an oligodendrocyte? Glia tissue that produces myelin sheath
Where are the vital centers? Medulla Oblongata of the brainstem
What are afferent neurons? Sensory neurons
What are efferent neurons? Motor neurons
Name the layers of the meninges. Dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
What is the function of the autonomic nervous system? Control impulses to cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and glandular tissue.
What is the thick outer layer of the meninges? Dura mater
The sympathetic nervous system controls ______ Fight or flight emergency system
What are motor neurons? Neurons that transmit impulses to muscle and gland tissue away from the brain and spinal cord
What are sensory neurons? Neurons that transmit impulses to the spinal cord and brain from all parts of the body.
What is the outside covering of a nerve called? Epineurium
List the parts of the central nervous system. The brain and spinal cord
Where is cerebrospinal fluid found? Between the pia mater and arachnoid mater and in the ventricles of the brain
What is the function of the thalamus? Produce sensations,associate sensations with emotions and part of the arousal or alertness mechanism.
What is the function of the hypothalamus? Major control of all internal organs; heartbeat, blood pressure control, GI contractions, water balance
What is a synapse? Place where impulses are transmitted from neuron to the next neuron
List the three structures making up a synapse. Synaptic knob, synaptic cleft and plasma membrane
What is shingles? Reactivation of the varicella virus.
What is the cause of Alzheimer's disease? Unknown
What is the cause of Huntington's disease? Genetic
What is a glioma? Tumor of the nervous tissue?
What connects the right and left sides of the brain? Corpus callosum
List the three structures making up the brainstem. Medulla oblongata, Pons and midbrain
What are microglia? Glia cells that act as microbe eating scavengers in inflammed or degenerating brain tissue
What is a neurotransmitter? Chemical compound found in the synaptic cleft
Created by: TeacherKay