Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

supralaryngeal mus.

action & innervation of supralaryngeal muscles

musclecranial nervemuscle action
velopharyngeal sphincter X Vagus protrudes and elevates pharyngeal wall--contributes to velopharyngeal closure
salpingopharyngeus pharyngeal plexus innervated by X & XI elevates pharynx
stylopharyngeus IX glossopharyngeal elevates & opens pharynx, esp. during swallowing
cricopharyngeal m. pharyngeal plexus innervated by X & XI seals/opens esophagus (must relax to swallow)
Superior, middle & Inferior pharyngeal constrictors pharyngeal plexus innervated by X & XI narrows pharynx
musculus uvulae pharyngeal plexus innervated by X & XI raises velum in superior & posterior direction, shortens/bunches uvula
levator veli palatini pharyngeal plexus innervated by X & XI raises velum
tensor veli palatini V trigeminal tenses velum (contributes to velopharyngeal closure)
superior longitudinal muscle XII hypoglossal raises tip of tongue
Inferior longitudinal muscle XII hypoglossal tip of tongue down
hyoglossus XII hypoglossal retracts or depresses tongue, elevates hyoid
chondroglossus XII hypoglossal depresses tongue
vertical lingual m. XII hypoglossal flattens and depresses tongue
genioglossus XII hypoglossal depresses, flattens tongue
anterior genioglossus XII hypoglossal retracts tongue tip
posterior genioglossus XII hypoglossal protrudes tongue
palatoglossus X Vagus elevates rear of tongue, pulls tongue back to groove, depresses velum forms anterior faucial pillar
digastric V trigeminal & VII facial depresses mandible or elevates hyoid
geniohyoid XII hypoglossal depresses mandible or elevates hyoid
mylohyoid V trigeminal depresses the mandible or elevates the hyoid
platysma VII facial depresses mandible, corner of mouth & wrinkles skin of neck and chin
lateral pterygoids V trigeminal protrudes mandible, also moves laterally, implicated in bruxism
medial pterygoids V trigeminal raises & protrudes mandible, also moves laterally
temporalis V trigeminal raises & retracts mandible, implicated in bruxism & teeth clenching, maintains rest position of jaw when upright
masseter V trigeminal strongest craniomandibular muscle, elevates mandible against maxilla, moves mandible laterally
mentalis VII facial elevates & wrinkles chin, protrudes lower lip
levator labii superior VII facial elevates upper lip
levator labii superioris alaeque nasi VII facial elevates upper lip, flares nostril
zygomatic minor VII facial elevates upper lip & dilates mouth opening
levator anguli oris VII facial elevates angle of upper lip--up and medially
zygomatic major VII facial draws corner of mouth up and back ("smile muscle")
depressor anguli oris VII facial depresses & retracts lower lip ("triangular muscle"), depresses corners of mouth
depressor labii inferior VII facial depresses lower lip
palatopharyngeus pharyngeal plexus from X & XI depresses velum or elevates larynx & pharynx, narrows faucial isthmus (forms post. faucial pillar)
transverse muscles XII hypoglossal narrows & lengthens, lifts sides of tongue
orbicularis oris VII facial puckers/closes mouth
risorius VII facial retracts corners of mouth
buccinator VII facial flattens cheek
styloglossus XII hypoglossal retracts tongue
Created by: kashamustin