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Anatomy QII

Appendicular Muscles

QuestionAnswer
rounded muscle mass of the shoulder deltoid
insertion of the deltoid deltoid tuberosity of the humerus
action: flexes, rotates, and abducts the arm deltoid
muscle of the shoulder teres major
action: adducts and rotates the arm teres major
muscle group that rotates the arm and inserts on the humerus rotator cuff muscles
four muscles of the rotator cuff supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis
two-headed muscle of the anterior arm biceps brachii
action: forearm flexion biceps brachii
muscle of the anterior arm brachialis
action: forearm flexion brachialis
muscle of the posterior arm triceps brachii
action: forearm extension triceps brachii
muscle of the anterior forearm, action: wrist flexion flexor carpi radialis
muscle of the anterior forearm, action: wrist flexion flexor carpi ulnaris
muscle of the anterior forearm, action: flexion of phalanges flexor digitorum superficialis
muscle of posterior forearm, action: wrist extension extensor carpi radialis
muslce of posterior forearm, action: wrist extension extensor carpi ulnaris
muscle of posterior forearm, action: extension of phalanges extensor digitorum superficialis
forearm muscle, flexes forearm brachioradialis
forearm muscle, supination supinator
largest and most superficial of the gluteal muscles gluteus maximus
action: extends the thigh gluteus maximus
inner thigh muscle, medial border of Scarpa's triangle, adducts thigh adductor longus
medial thigh muscle, adducts thigh, when femoral artery passes through opening at inferior edge becomes the popliteal artery adductor magnus
anterior thigh muscle that runs obliquely across the anterior thigh sartorius
longest muscle in the body sartorius
action: leg flexion and rotation sartorius
"tailor's muscle" sartorius
anterior thigh muscles that extend the leg, muscle group name quadriceps
four muscles of the quads rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medius, vastus intermedius
posterior thigh muscles that flex the leg, muscle group name hamstring muscles
three hamstring muscles biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
posterior knee, rotates the leg popliteus
anterior leg tibialis anterior
action: dorsiflexion tibialis anterior
posterior leg, superficial calf muscle gastrocnemius
inserts on the posterior calcaneus via the Achilles tendon gastrocnemius
action: plantar flexion gastrocnemius
posterior leg, calf muscle deep to gastrocnemius soleus
action of soleus plantar flexion
Created by: amyziolkowski