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HM manual, Pharmacy

Hospital Corpsman NAVEDTRA 14295A, assignment 18

QuestionAnswer
18-1. Pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the study of which specialty? Drugs
18-2. The branch of pharmacology that deals with the preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications is? Pharmacy
18-3. The actual title of the “blue bible” of pharmacology is? Remington’s The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
18-4. The amount of medication administered is referred to as which of the following? Dose
18-5. The minimum and maximum amount of a drug required to produce the desired effect is referred to by what term? Dosage range
18-6. What dose refers to the least amount of a drug that can cause death? Minimum lethal
18-7. The most common factor influencing the amount of drug given to a patient is? Age
18-8. What two primary factors, if any, determine a dose? Age and weight
18-9. What is the proper dose in milliliters of ampicillin for an 8-year old child if the adult dose is 15 ml? 6 (use Young's rule)
18-10. What is the name of the rule used to determine appropriate dosage of medication based on a child’s weight? Clark’s Rule
18-11. Determine the appropriate dose in milligrams of medication for a child weighing 30 pounds if the average dose for an adult is 600 mg. 120 (use Clark's rule)
18-12. In computing the amount of drug to be given to an underweight female, what adjustments to the normal dosage would ordinarily be made? Decrease of dosage because of her sex and further decrease because of her weight
18-13. A drug given continuously to a patient often has to be increased in dosage to maintain the desired effect. The need for a larger dose is probably caused by? An acquired tolerance from habitual use
18-14. The most common method of administering medications is ________. Orally
18-15. What term is used to define a medication that is placed under the tongue? Sublingual
18-16. Which of the following is an example of a drug injected intradermally? Purified protein derivative (PPD)
18-17. What technique introduces a drug directly into a vein? Intravenous
18-18. In what form are medications introduced into the body through inhalation? Gas
18-19. Normally, how many names do medications have? Three (Cehmical, Generic & Brand name aka "Trade name")
18-20. Which of the following is NOT a way in which drugs are grouped? 1. By chemical characteristics 2. By their brand names 3. By their source 4. By their action on the body By their brand names
18-21. Aluminum acetate, an astringent, is often used to treat which of the following conditions? 1. Athlete’s foot 2. External otitis 3. Poison ivy 4. All of the above All of the above
18-22. Which of the following is a bronchomutropic agent? 1. Petrolatum 2. Guaifenesin 3. Benzoate 4. Phenol Guaifenesin
18-23. Which of the following is a characteristic side effect of antihistamines? 1. Nausea 2. Drowsiness 3. Uricaria 4. Tinnitis Drowsiness
18-24. Which of the following medications is administered to control motion sickness? 1. Cimetidine 2. Meclizine hydrochloride 3. Chlorpheniramine maleate 4. Diphenyhdramine hydrochloride Diphenyhdramine hydrochloride
18-25. In conjunction with antacids, which of the following is used to treat duodenal ulcers? 1. Dimenhydrinate 2. Diphenhydramine hydrochloride 3. Ranitidine 4. Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride Ranitidine
18-26. The drug group most often used to treat dyspepsia is? 1. Emollients 2. Astringents 3. Antacids 4. Adsorbents Antacids
18-27. In addition to being an antacid, magnesium hydroxide may be used as a/an? 1. Emollient 2. Laxative 3. Demulcent 4. Astringent Laxative
18-28. The standard by which all other antiseptics are measured is? 1. Povidine-iodine 2. Phenol 3. Isopropyl alcohol 4. Hexachlorophene Phenol
18-29. The primary pharmacological action of sulfonamides is? 1. Viricidal 2. Parasiticidal 3. Bacteriostatic 4. Fungistatic Bacteriostatic
18-30. The most common use for systemic sulfonamides is in the treatment of which of the conditions listed below? 1. Respiratory infections 2. Urinary tract infections 3. Viral infections 4. Furunculosis Urinary tract infections
18-31. Silver sulfadiazine is used almost exclusively in the treatment of? 1. Surgical wounds 2. Burns 3. Prostatitis 4. Furunculosis Burns
18-32. The drug of choice for uncomplicated group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis is? 1. Penicillin V Potassium 2. Nafcillin 3. Ampicillin 4. Dicloxicillin Penicillin V Potassium
18-33. Patients sensitive to penicillin may also exhibit sensitivity to cephalosporins. 1. True 2. False True
18-34. Milk or milk products may interfere with the absorption of which of the following drugs? 1. Cephalexin (Keflex) 2. Tetracycline hydrochloride 3. Streptomycin sulfate 4. Erthromycin Tetracycline hydrochloride
18-35. Macrolides are effective against which of the following organisms? 1. Gram-positive cocci 2. Dermatophytes 3. Parasites 4. Gram-negative Gram-positive cocci
18-36. Which of the following is an appropriate substitute for penicillin when penicillin is contraindicated? 1. Doxycycline 2. Cephalexin 3. Erythromycin 4. Streptomycin Erythromycin
18-37. Undeclyenic acid is used as a/an? 1. Disinfectant 2. Antipyretic 3. Analgesic 4. Antifungal Antifungal
18-38. Supplemental potassium may be required with which of the following categories of drugs? 1. Anti-inflammatories 2. Antidiahrreals 3. Antipyretics 4. Diuretics Diuretics
18-39. The drug of choice for the treatment and management of grand mal seizures is? 1. Methylphenidate hydrochloride 2. Phenobarbital 3. Phenytoin sodium 4. Any psychotropic agent 18-39. The drug of choice for the treatment and management of grand mal seizures is? 1. Methylphenidate hydrochloride 2. Phenobarbital 3. Phenytoin sodium 4. Any psychotropic agent
18-40. Prochlorperizine is used mainly to? 1. Treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting 2. Alleviate symptoms of tension, agitation, and psychosis 3. Counteract the effects of alcohol withdrawal 4. Relieve respiratory distress Treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting
18-41. Muscle relaxants include all of the following EXCEPT? 1. Methocarbamol 2. Diazepam 3. Cyclobenzaprine 4. Methylphenidate Methylphenidate
18-42. Water-soluble vitamins are not excreted in the urine and are stored in the body in moderate amounts. 1. True 2. False False
18-43. The vitamin deficiency associated with night blindness is? 1. Vitamin A 2. Vitamin B6 3. Vitamin Bl2 4. Vitamin K Vitamin A
18-44. The agent used to treat pernicious anemia is? 1. Cyanocobalamin 2. Ascorbic acid 3. Vitamin D 4. Vitamin K Cyanocobalamin
18-45. Which of the following is the vitamin involved in absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus? 1. Vitamin A 2. Vitamin B1 3. Vitamin C 4. Vitamin D Vitamin D
18-46. The correct abbreviations for the metric systems of primary units of measure for weight, volume, and linear dimensions are? 1. gr, l, cm 2. gr, ml, m 3. g, l, m 4. g, l, cm g, l, m
18-47. Which of the following is equal to one one-hundredth of a liter? 1. Dekaliter 2. Deciliter 3. Centiliter 4. Milliliter Milliliter
18-48. A prescription requires two ounces of a substance supplied in liters. How many milliliters are required to fill the prescription? 1. 0.03 ml 2. 0.06 ml 3. 30 ml 4. 60 ml 60 ml
18-49. You have 360 grams of a compound. If 54 grams of the compound is silver nitrate, what is the percentage strength of silver nitrate? 1. 12.5% 2. 15% 3. 17.5% 4. 20% 15%
18-50. All pharmacies that dispense prescriptions are required to have what Class balance? 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D A
18-51. What drug incompatibility occurs when agents antagonistic to one another are prescribed together? 1. Therapeutic 2. Physical 3. Chemical 4. 1 and 3 above Therapeutic
18-52. Eutexia is an example of what type of drug incompatibility manifestation? 1. Chemical 2. Physical 3. Therapeutic 4. 2 and 3 above Chemical
18-53. A properly administered drug dosage that has an unintended or harmful effect on the patient is the definition of which of the following terms? 1. Contraindication 2. Drug interaction 3. Adverse reaction 4. Therapeutic incompatibility Adverse reaction
18-54. What chapter of The Manual of the Medical Department gives guidance on pharmacy operations and drug control? 1. 6 2. 9 3. 15 4. 21 21
18-55. What DD form is used to prescribe controlled and noncontrolled medications? 1. 6710 2. 1289 3. 1210 4. 1209 1209
18-56. In the prescription block of DD Form 1289, what part lists the name and quantity of the ingredient prescribed? 1. Superscription 2. Inscription page 3. Subscription 4. Signa Inscription page
18-57. If, in the course of filling a prescription, the HM feels that there may be a discrepancy or incompatibility, what action should the HM take? Let the patient know that you discovered an error and will be checking with the prescriber before filling the prescription, also Consult the prescriber to verify the prescription before filling
18-58. What types of prescription medications have the potential for abuse? 1. Noncontrolled 2. Controlled 3. Schedule VI 4. All of the above Controlled
18-59. Which of the following is a Schedule III medication? 1. Marijuana 2. An antitussive 3. Amphetamines 4. Nonbarbiturate sedative Nonbarbiturate sedative
18-60. What schedule of medications can never be ordered with refills? 1. II 2. III 3. IV 4. V II
18-61. How many board members are on the Controlled Substance Inventory Board? 1. One 2. Three 3. Four 4. Six Three
18-62. Controlled substances must be inventoried at least? 1. Annually 2. Bi-annually 3. Quarterly 4. Daily Quarterly
Created by: Nsikanete