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joints and movemrnts

amatomy joints and movement terms

Flexion Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together
Extension Straightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increases and the parts move farther apart
Hyperextension Excess extension of the parte at a joint beyond the anatomical position
Dorsiflexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Adduction Moving a part toward the midline
plantar flexion bending the foot at the ankle toward the sole(bending the foot downward)
abduction moving a part away from the midline
rotation moving a part around an axis
cicumduction moving a part so that its end follows circular path
supination turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly
pronation turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly
eversion turning the foot so the sole faces laterally
inversion turning the foot so the sole faces medially
protraction moving a part forward
retraction moving a part backward
elevation raising a part
depression lowering a part
fibrous articulating bones fastened together by thin layers of dense connective tissue containing many collagenous fibers
syndesmosis bones bound by inerosseous ligament
suture flat bones united by sutural ligament
gomphosis cone shaped process fastened in bony socket by peridontal ligament
cartilaginous articulating bones connected to hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage
synchondrosis bones united by bands of hyaline cartilage
symphysis articular surfaces separatedd by thin layers of hyaline cartilage attached to cands of fibrocartilage
synovial articulating bones surrounded by a joint capsule of ligaments and synovial membranes;ends of articulating bones covered by hyaline cartilage and separated by synovial fluid
ball-and-socket ball shaped head of one bone articulates with cup-shaped socket of andother
condyloid oval-shaped head of one bone articulated with elliptical cavity of another
gliding articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved
hinge convex surfaces of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue
saddle articulating surfaces have both concabe and convex regions surface of one bone fits the complementary surface of andother
Created by: festus