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Joints

QuestionAnswer
Fibrous Articulating bones fastened together by thin layer of dense connective tissue
Fibrous-Syndesmosis Bones bound by interosseous ligament. Flexible and may be twisted.
Fibrous-Suture Flat bones united by sutural ligament. No movement.
Fibrous- Gomphosis Cone-shaped processs fastened in bony socket by peridontal ligament. No movement
Cartilaginous Articulating connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage
Cartilaginuous-Synchondrosis Bones united by bands of hyaline cartilage. Movement occurs during growth process until ossification occurs.
Cartilaginuous-Symphysis Articular surfaces separated by thin layers of hyaline cartilage attached to band of fibrocartilage. Limited movement, when bent or twisted.
Synovial Articulating bones surroumded by a joint capsule of ligaments and synovial membranes; ends of articulating bones covered by hyaline caetilage and separated by synovial fluid.
Synovial- Ball-and-socket Bal-shaped head of one bone articulates with cup-shaped socket of another. Movements in all planes;rotation.
Synovial-Condyloid Oval-shaped head condyle of one bone articulates with elliptical cavity of another. Variety of movements in different planes. No rotation or twisting.
Synovial-Gliding Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved. Sliding or twisting movement.
Synovial-Hindge Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another. Flexion and extension movement.
Synovial-Pivot Cylindrical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue. Rotation.
Synovial-Saddle Articulating surfaces have both concave and conves regions; sruface of one bone fits complementary surface of another. Variety of movements, mainly in two planes.
Flexion Bending parts at a joint
Extension Straightening parts at a joint
Hyperextension Excess extension of parts at a joint, beyond atomical position
Dorsiflexion bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Plantar Flexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the sole
Abuction Moving a part away from the midline
Adduction Moving a part toward the midline
Rotation Moving a part round an axis
Circumduction Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path.
Supination Turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anterirorly
Pronation Turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly
Eversion Turning the foot so the sole faces laterally
Inversion Turning the foot so the sole faces medially
Protraction Moving a part toward
Retraction Moving a part backward
Elevation Raising a part
Depression Lowering a part
Created by: 12Rockafelloww